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Determiners of The Demographic Aging Process in The Rural Environment

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  • Mariana NICOLAE-BALAN

    (Institutul de Prognoza Economica (Institute for Economic Forecasting), Bucharest, Romania)

Abstract

Demographical phenomenons from the last decade have influenced its spatial distribution. The life expectancy prolongation and the diminishing of birth rate are ready to engage important structural changes in all human societies – as the historical event of inversion of ration between young and elders. Population aging, with profound and durable consequences, represents for all countries a phenomenon with major importance and, also, an un-experimented challenge. The pensioners have and would have in future a stronger influence on economy, politic life and refitting of residence territories. The motives for this higher importance are: incomes relative important, geographical mobility and presence on political life. One of the most important factors which have an influence on the demographic evolution, at the world and national level, is represented by the negative dynamic of the natural spore of the population and this dynamics has been amplified by migratory flows. Annual evolution is negative and is decreasing for the migratory spore and oscillatory and more notable for the natural spore.For Romania, other phenomenon demographic dregs has the immigration with the same effects for the long and more long is constituted by the emigration of the feminine population has the fertile age, in special of rural area. The increase of the proportion of the female population in the population migrate has become more remarkable in the period 2002-2005.This paper is focused on the analysis the most important factors which have an impact on demographic evolution of rural area in Romania.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by West University of Timisoara, Romania, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration in its journal Timisoara Journal of Economics.

Volume (Year): 1 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 120-129

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Handle: RePEc:wun:journl:tje:v01:y2008:i01:a06

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