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Identifying "Spread" versus "Backwash" Effects in Regional Economic Areas: A Density Functions Approach

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  • David L. Barkley
  • Mark S. Henry
  • Shuming Bao
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    Abstract

    Patterns of spatial structural change are investigated for eight Functional Economic Areas in North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. Residential population density functions are estimated using census tract level data and cubic spline regression methods. Comparisons of 1980 and 1990 density profiles indicate that population decentralization accompanied metropolitan growth during the 1980s. This redistribution was limited, however, to rural tracts at the urban fringe. Population densities were stable or declined in tracts more distant from the nodal center. Thus, backwash effects were evident in most rural areas in the economic regions' hinterlands.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Land Economics.

    Volume (Year): 72 (1996)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 336-357

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    Handle: RePEc:uwp:landec:v:72:y:1996:i:3:p:336-357

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    Web page: http://le.uwpress.org/

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    Cited by:
    1. Wagner, John E., 2000. "Regional Economic Diversity: Action, Concept, or State of Confusion," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 30(2).
    2. Maureen Kilkenny, 2010. "Urban/Regional Economics And Rural Development," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(1), pages 449-470.
    3. Partridge, Mark D. & Rickman, Dan S., 2012. "Integrating regional economic development analysis and land use economics," MPRA Paper 38291, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Partridge, Mark D. & Rickman, Dan S. & Ali, Kamar & Olfert, M. Rose, 2010. "Recent spatial growth dynamics in wages and housing costs: Proximity to urban production externalities and consumer amenities," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 440-452, November.
    5. Joan Moss & Claire Jack & Michael Wallace, 2004. "Employment Location and Associated Commuting Patterns for Individuals in Disadvantaged Rural Areas in Northern Ireland," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(2), pages 121-136.
    6. Elena G. Irwin & Andrew M. Isserman & Maureen Kilkenny & Mark D. Partridge, 2010. "A Century of Research on Rural Development and Regional Issues," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 92(2), pages 522-553.
    7. Midmore, Peter & Whittaker, Julie, 2000. "Economics for sustainable rural systems," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 173-189, November.

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