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A Budget-Based Definition of Poverty: With an Application to Single-Parent Families

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  • Trudi J. Renwick
  • Barbara R. Bergmann
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    Abstract

    An approach to defining poverty through a "Basic Needs Budget" (BNB) is presented which takes account of families' differing needs for child care and transportation, and of regional differences in housing costs. Taxes and noncash benefits from governmental and private sources are also accounted for. The BNB poverty rate for single parents for 1989 is 47 percent, compared to 39 percent under the official method; almost a quarter of single parents holding full-time jobs are counted as poor under the BNB method. Radical reduction in both the welfare rolls and the poverty rate would require government assurance of child care and medical care to single parents.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

    Volume (Year): 28 (1993)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 1-24

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    Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:28:y:1993:i:1:p:1-24

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    Web page: http://jhr.uwpress.org/

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    Cited by:
    1. Shawn Fremstad, 2010. "A Modern Framework for Measuring Poverty and Basic Economic Security," CEPR Reports and Issue Briefs 2010-12, Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR).
    2. Mark R. Rank & Thomas A. Hirschl, 2001. "Poverty across the Life Cycle: Evidence from the PSID," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(4), pages 737-755.
    3. Roderick Rose & Susan Parish & Joan Yoo, 2009. "Measuring Material Hardship among the US Population of Women with Disabilities Using Latent Class Analysis," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 94(3), pages 391-415, December.
    4. Thesia I. Garner & Kathleen Short, 2005. "Economic Well-Being Based on Income, Consumer Expenditures and Personal Assessments of Minimal Needs," Working Papers 381, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
    5. Gottlieb, Daniel & Manor, Roy, 2005. "On the Choice of a Policy-oriented Poverty Measure: The Case of Israel 1997-2002," MPRA Paper 3842, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Trudi Renwick, 1998. "Basic Needs Budgets Revisited: Does the U.S. Consumer Price Index Overestimate the Changes in the Cost of Living for Low-Income Families?," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(3), pages 129-142.
    7. Julie A. Nelson, 1995. "Feminism and Economics," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 131-148, Spring.

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