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Actividad sindical y movimientos empleo-salario

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  • Assar LindbeckDennis J. Snower
  • Dennis J. Snower

Abstract

El trabajo analiza cómo la influencia de los sindicatos ejerce sobre los contratos de salarios y puede hacer que el mercado laboral pierda su capacidad de recuperación. La pérdida de esta capacidad elástica se describe de dos maneras, conceptuamente diferentes: i) Una tendencia a que los cambios en el desempleo–originados en shocks exógenos de la demanda por trabajo- persistan en el tiempo: ii) Una tendencia a que dichos shocks generen un espiral salario desempleo en el largo plazo. De esta manera, el análisis puede ayudar a explicar por qué las tasas de desempleo, en Europa y Estados Unidos, han tenido una tendencia al alza durante la última década y media, y por qué el crecimiento del empleo ha sido mucho mayor en los Estados Unidos que en la mayoría de las economías europeas, después de las últimas recesiones.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

Volume (Year): 14 (1987)
Issue (Month): 2 Year 1987 (December)
Pages: 239-256

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Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:14:y:1987:i:2:p:239-256

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Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/
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