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Climate Shocks and Sino-nomadic Conflict

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  • Ying Bai

    (Hong Kong University of Science and Technology)

  • James Kai-sing Kung

    (Hong Kong University of Science and Technology)

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    Abstract

    Employing droughts and floods to proxy for changes in precipitation, this paper shows nomadic incursions into settled Han Chinese regions over a period of more than two thousand years—the most enduring clash of civilizations in history—to be positively correlated with less rainfall and negatively correlated with more rainfall. Consistent with findings that economic shocks are positively correlated with conflicts in modern sub-Saharan Africa when instrumented by rainfall, our reduced-form results extend this relationship to a very different temporal and geographical context, the Asian continent, and long historical period. © 2011 The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by MIT Press in its journal Review of Economics and Statistics.

    Volume (Year): 93 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 3 (August)
    Pages: 970-981

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    Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:93:y:2011:i:3:p:970-981

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    Cited by:
    1. Qiang Chen & Yijiang Wang & Chun-lei Yang, 2014. "Taxation under Autocracy: Theory and Evidence from Late Imperial China," SDU Working Papers, School of Economics, Shandong University 2014-03, School of Economics, Shandong University.
    2. Qiang Chen, 2013. "Climate Shocks, State Capacity, and Peasant Uprisings in North China during 25-1911 CE," SDU Working Papers, School of Economics, Shandong University 2013-01, School of Economics, Shandong University.
    3. Nunn, Nathan, 2014. "Historical Development," Handbook of Economic Growth, Elsevier, in: Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 7, pages 347-402 Elsevier.

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