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NGO Influence in International Environmental Negotiations: A Framework for Analysis


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  • Michele M. Betsill
  • Elisabeth Corell
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    Current literature on global environmental politics largely considers NGO influence implicit and unproblematic. Responding to several weaknesses in the literature, we propose a coherent research framework for assessing NGO influence in international environmental negotiations. We contend that influence can be said to have occurred when NGOs intentionally transmit information that alters the behavior of negotiators, and call for collecting and analyzing evidence of NGO influence in a more systematic fashion. Our framework, which relies on the use of multiple data types, sources, and methods, controls for over-determination and allows researchers to identify, with a sound degree of confidence, instances of NGO influence in international environmental negotiations. The resulting comparability provides a basis for analysis of NGO influence across cases, and ultimately contributes to better understanding of the variation of NGO influence in global environmental politics. Copyright (c) 2001 Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by MIT Press in its journal Global Environmental Politics.

    Volume (Year): 1 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 4 (November)
    Pages: 65-85

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    Handle: RePEc:tpr:glenvp:v:1:y:2001:i:4:p:65-85

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    Cited by:
    1. Mola-Yudego, Blas & Gritten, David, 2010. "Determining forest conflict hotspots according to academic and environmental groups," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(8), pages 575-580, October.
    2. Tobias Böhmelt & Carola Betzold, 2013. "The impact of environmental interest groups in international negotiations: Do ENGOs induce stronger environmental commitments?," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 13(2), pages 127-151, May.
    3. Hrabanski, Marie & Bidaud, Cécile & Le Coq, Jean-François & Méral, Philippe, 2013. "Environmental NGOs, policy entrepreneurs of market-based instruments for ecosystem services? A comparison of Costa Rica, Madagascar and France," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 124-132.
    4. Katharina Rietig, 2011. "The influence of academics as insidernongovernmental actors in the Post-Kyoto Protocol Climate Change Negotiations: a matter of timing, network and policyentrepreneurial capabilities," Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment Working Papers 58, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
    5. Neda Zawahri & Oliver Hensengerth, 2012. "Domestic environmental activists and the governance of the Ganges and Mekong Rivers in India and China," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 269-298, September.
    6. Kenneth Abbott & Duncan Snidal, 2010. "International regulation without international government: Improving IO performance through orchestration," The Review of International Organizations, Springer, vol. 5(3), pages 315-344, September.
    7. Katharina Rietig, 2011. "Public pressure versus lobbying – how do Environmental NGOs matter most in climate negotiations?," Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment Working Papers 70, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
    8. Tobias Böhmelt, 2013. "A closer look at the information provision rationale: Civil society participation in states’ delegations at the UNFCCC," The Review of International Organizations, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 55-80, March.
    9. Katarina Buhr & Susanna Roth & Peter Stigson, 2014. "Climate Change Politics through a Global Pledge-and-Review Regime: Positions among Negotiators and Stakeholders," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(2), pages 794-811, February.


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