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L’Accueil Des Grands Événements Sportifs : Quel Impact Économique Ou Quelle Utilité Sociale Pour Les Régions ? L’Exemple De La Coupe Du Monde De Rugby 2007 En France

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Author Info

  • Eric BARGET

    ()
    (Université de Limoges, CDES-OMIJ)

  • Jean-Jacques GOUGUET

    ()
    (Université de Limoges, CDES-OMIJ)

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    Abstract

    Une aide publique des grands événements sportifs ne peut être justifiée par une seule étude d’impact économique. Il est nécessaire de mesurer aussi l’utilité sociale dans le cadre d’une analyse coûts/bénéfices. Cela permet de comparer les coûts engendrés pour la communauté d’accueil avec les bénéfices pour la population en termes de bien-être social. Pourtant, il y a toujours une forte demande d’études d’impact économique de la part des pouvoirs publics avant l’organisation de grands événements sportifs, alors que les études coûts/bénéfices sont quasiment inexistantes, d’où des décisions peu rationnelles en la matière. On peut même supposer que les résultats des études d’impact économique aient servi à justifier des décisions prises sur la base de considérations essentiellement politiques. Dans cet article, pour rendre compte à la fois de l’impact économique et de l’utilité sociale de l’organisation d’un grand évènement sportif, nous proposons un test de légitimité que nous illustrons avec l’exemple de la Coupe du Monde de Rugby de 2007 en France. Abstract - The legitimacy of allocating public funds and common resources to the organization of mega sporting events cannot be solely based on an economic impact study. The analysis should also measure the social utility that is generated, and, within the framework of a cost-benefit analysis, compare the costs of the project for the community and the benefits people derive from it in terms of social well-being. Nevertheless, there is a paradox with a strong demand for economic impact studies by public decision makers, while hardly any costs-benefit analyses exist. It is very likely that the lack of such studies has driven to inappropriate public decisions over the past years. Sometimes, economic impact studies have been used, ex post, to justify decisions made on a political level. Here we propose a legitimacy test of such an important event, illustrated through the 2007 Rugby World Cup in France.

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    File URL: http://region-developpement.univ-tln.fr/fr/pdf/R31/10-Barget-Gouguet.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Région et Développement.

    Volume (Year): 31 (2010)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 93-118

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    Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:31:y:2010:p:93-118

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    Keywords: DÉVELOPPEMENT ÉCONOMIQUE RÉGIONAL; THÉORIE DE LA BASE; IMPACT ÉCONOMIQUE; GRANDS ÉVÉNEMENTS SPORTIFS; COUPE DU MONDE DE RUGBY; ÉCONOMIE DU BIEN-ÊTRE; ANALYSE COÛT-BÉNÉFICE; MÉTHODE D’ÉVALUATION CONTINGENTE;

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