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LA POLITIQUE RÉGIONALE EUROPÉENNE PEUT-ELLE SUPPORTER UN NOUVEL ÉLARGISSEMENT DE l’UE ?

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  • Marie-Line DUBOZ

    ()
    (CRESE, Université de Franche-Comté)

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    Abstract

    L’Union européenne (UE) se prépare à un sixième élargissement. Seuls pays à avoir le statut de pays candidat, la Croatie, l’ancienne République yougoslave de Macédoine (ARYM) et la Turquie sont toutes trois des économies fragiles et dont le produit intérieur brut (PIB) par habitant est très bas. Cette situation rend la question de la capacité de l’UE à les intégrer tout à fait prégnante. L’UE sera-t-elle, en particulier, capable à l’avenir de maintenir sa politique régionale commune, laquelle est fondée sur le principe de solidarité financière ? De fait, notre étude montre que cette politique va être confrontée aux fortes disparités des régions croates et surtout turques, tant en termes de PIB par habitant que de taux de chômage. Nous montrons par ailleurs que si l’aide communautaire, actuellement accordée à la Croatie et à l’ARYM, est comparable à l’aide de préadhésion dont ont bénéficié les pays d’Europe centrale et orientale (PECO), il ne peut en être dit autant pour la Turquie. Compte tenu du poids démographique de ce pays, si rien n’est fait pour accroître la part du budget allouée à la politique régionale de l’UE ou pour trouver un nouveau mode de redistribution des fonds européens, il conviendra de redéfinir un objectif moins ambitieux que celui qui a été fixé initialement à cette politique, à savoir la réduction des disparités. Abstract - The European Union (EU) will soon undergo a sixth enlargement. The only countries with a status of candidate country, Croatia, Macedonia and Turkey, are all three fragile economies with a low per capita GDP. This situation questions the capacity of the EU to integrate those countries. In particular, will the EU be able to maintain its common regional policy based on the principle of financial solidarity? In fact, our study shows that this policy will be confronted to the existence of strong regional disparities within Croatia and Turkey, in terms of per capita GDP or unemployment rate. We also show that if the European aid currently devoted to Croatia and Macedonia is comparable to the pre-adhesion aid given to the CEECs, it is not the case for Turkey. Given the demographic weight of this country, if nothing is done to increase the part of the budget devoted to the EU regional policy or to find another mode of redistribution of the European funds, it will be necessary to redefine a less ambitious objective that the current one, i.e. decreasing disparities.

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    File URL: http://region-developpement.univ-tln.fr/fr/pdf/R30/7-Duboz.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Région et Développement.

    Volume (Year): 30 (2009)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 59-76

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    Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:30:y:2009:p:59-76

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    Related research

    Keywords: ÉLARGISSEMENT; POLITIQUE RÉGIONALE; PAYS CANDIDATS;

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