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Cross-national Neighbouring Effects on European Regional Specialization

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  • Toni Mora
  • Patricia Garcia-Duran
  • Montserrat Millet

Abstract

In undertaking an analysis of neighbouring effects on European regional patterns of specialization, this paper makes two main contributions to the literature. First, we use a spatial weight matrix that takes into consideration membership of an EU cross-border regional association. We then compare our results with those obtained using a contiguity matrix and constitute an upper bound for our parameter of interest. In a further stage, we divide the CBR associations on the basis of their long-standing and the intensity of their cooperation to determine whether the association type has a significant impact. Second, we examine the sensitivity of our results to the use of alternative relative specialization indices. Effets de voisinage transfrontière sur la spécialisation régionale en Europe R ésumé En entreprenant une analyse des effets de voisinage sur les configurations de spécialisation régionales européennes, la présente communication contribue de deux façons principales à la littérature. En premier lieu, nous utilisons une matrice de pondération spatiale, qui tient compte l'appartenance à une association régionale transfrontière de l'UE. Nous comparons ensuite nos résultats avec les résultats obtenus à l'aide d'une matrice de contiguité, et nous nous en servons pour constituer une limite supérieure pour le paramètre qui nous intéresse. A un niveau supérieur, nous répartissons les associations CBR en fonction de leur durée et de l'intensité de leur coopération, afin d’établir la mesure dans laquelle le type d'association présente un impact significatif. Deuxièmement, nous examinons la sensibilité de nos résultats pour l'emploi d'indices de spécialisation relatifs en alternative. Efectos de la colindancia entre naciones sobre la especialización regional europea R esumen Analizando los efectos de la colindancia sobre los patrones de especialización regionales europeos, este trabajo realiza dos aportes importantes a la bibliografía especializada. En el primero de ellos, utilizamos una matriz de ponderación espacial que tiene en cuenta la pertenencia de una asociación regional transfronteriza comunitaria. Posteriormente, comparamos nuestros resultados con los obtenidos con una matriz de contigüidad y constituimos un límite superior para nuestro parámetro de interés. En una fase posterior, dividimos las asociaciones regionales transfronterizas con base en su perduración y su grado de cooperación para determinar si la asociación tiene un efecto significativo. En el segundo, analizamos la sensibilidad de nuestros resultados en lo que respecta al uso de índices relativos de especialización alternativos.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1080/17421772.2011.586723
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Spatial Economic Analysis.

Volume (Year): 6 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 (December)
Pages: 271-290

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Handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:6:y:2010:i:3:p:271-290

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