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Exploring the Effect of Geographical Proximity and University Quality on University-Industry Collaboration in the United Kingdom

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Author Info

  • Keld Laursen
  • Toke Reichstein
  • Ammon Salter

Abstract

Laursen K., Reichstein T. and Salter A. Exploring the effect of geographical proximity and university quality on university-industry collaboration in the United Kingdom, Regional Studies. This paper concerns the geographical distance between a firm and the universities in its local area. It is argued that firms' decisions to collaborate with universities for innovation are influenced by both geographical proximity to universities and the quality of these universities. The findings show that being located close to a lower-tier university reduces the propensity for firms to collaborate locally, while co-location with top-tier universities promotes collaboration. However, it is also found that if faced with the choice, firms appear to give preference to the research quality of the university partner over geographical closeness. This is particularly true for high-research and development intensive firms. [image omitted] Laursen K., Reichstein T. et Salter A. Examiner l'impact de la proximite geographique et de la qualite des universites sur la collaboration industrialo-universitaire aux Etats-Unis, Regional Studies. Cet article traite de l'importance de la distance geographique entre une enterprise et les universites environnantes. On affirme que les decisions de l'entreprise quant aux possibilites de collaborer dans le domaine de l'innovation sont influencees a la fois par la proximite geographique des universites et par la qualite de ces universites. Les resultats laissent voir que la proximite des universites de rang inferieur reduit la propension des entreprises a collaborarer sur le plan local, tandis qu'un emplacement a proximite des universites de rang superieur encourage la collaboration. Neanmoins, il s'avere aussi que, par choix, les entreprises semblent preferer un partenariat universitaire fonde sur la qualite de la recherche que sur la proximite geographique des universites. Cela vaut notamment pour les entreprises a fort niveau de recherche-developpement. Collaboration industrialo-universitaire Proximite geographique Qualite des universites Laursen K., Reichstein T. und Salter A. Die Auswirkung der geografischen Nahe und der Qualitat von Universitaten auf die Zusammenarbeit zwischen Universitaten und Industrie in Grossbritannien, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag untersuchen wir den geografischen Abstand zwischen einer Firma und den Universitaten in ihrer Umgebung. Es wird argumentiert, dass die Entscheidungen von Firmen, im Bereich der Innovation mit Universitaten zusammenzuarbeiten, sowohl von der geografischen Nahe zu Universitaten als auch von der Qualitat dieser Universitaten beeinflusst werden. Aus den Ergebnissen geht hervor, dass die Nahe zu einer Universitat der unteren Stufe die Bereitschaft von Firmen zur lokalen Zusammenarbeit senkt, wahrend die Nahe zu einer Universitat der obersten Stufe die Zusammenarbeit fordert. Gleichzeitig stellen wir aber auch fest, dass Firmen, wenn sie die Wahl haben, offensichtlich der Forschungsqualitat der Partneruniversitat einen hoheren Stellenwert einraumen als der geografischen Nahe. Dies gilt vor allem fur Firmen mit einem hohen Anteil an Forschung und Entwicklung. Zusammenarbeit zwischen Universitaten und Industrie Geografische Nahe Qualitat von Universitaten Laursen K., Reichstein T. y Salter A. Analisis del efecto de proximidad geografica y la calidad universitaria en la colaboracion entre la universidad y la industria en el Reino Unido, Regional Studies. Este articulo trata sobre la distancia geografica entre una empresa y las universidades en su comunidad. Sostenemos que las decisiones de las empresas de colaborar con universidades para la innovacion estan influenciadas por la proximidad geografica a las universidades y la calidad de las mismas. Los resultados muestran que si una empresa esta ubicada cerca de una universidad de nivel inferior, se reduce su predisposicion a colaborar localmente, mientras que estar ubicado cerca de una universidad de nivel superior fomenta la colaboracion. Sin embargo, tambien observamos que si tienen la opcion de elegir, parece que las empresas dan preferencia a la calidad de investigacion de la universidad socia en vez de la proximidad geografica. Este hecho se pone particularmente de manifiesto en empresas con alto nivel de investigacion y desarrollo. Colaboracion universidad-industria Proximidad geografica Calidad universitaria

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 45 (2011)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 507-523

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:4:p:507-523

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Related research

Keywords: University-industry collaboration; Geographical proximity; University quality;

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Cited by:
  1. Herstad, Sverre J. & Aslesen, Heidi Wiig & Ebersberger, Bernd, 2014. "On industrial knowledge bases, commercial opportunities and global innovation network linkages," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 495-504.
  2. Kato, Masatoshi & Odagiri, Hiroyuki, 2012. "Development of university life-science programs and university–industry joint research in Japan," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(5), pages 939-952.
  3. Broström, Anders, 2009. "Working with Distant Researchers - distance and content in university-industry interaction," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 173, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  4. Aschhoff, Birgit & Grimpe, Christoph, 2012. "Peer effects and academics' industry involvement: The moderating role of age on professional imprinting," ZEW Discussion Papers 12-011, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. Bouba-Olga, Olivier & Ferru, Marie, 2011. "La dimension spatiale des collaborations pour l’innovation : une analyse sur données CIFRE (1981-2006)," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Editions NecPlus, vol. 2011(03), pages 449-468, September.
  6. Alberto Marzucchi & Davide Antonioli & Sandro Montresor, 2012. "Research cooperation within and across regional boundaries. Does innovation policy add anything?," JRC-IPTS Working Papers on Corporate R&D and Innovation 2012-04, Institute of Prospective Technological Studies, Joint Research Centre.
  7. Andrea Bonaccorsi & Luca Secondi & Enza Setteducati & Alessio Ancaiani, 2014. "Participation and commitment in third-party research funding: evidence from Italian Universities," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 39(2), pages 169-198, April.
  8. Friedrich Dornbusch & Sidonia von Proff & Thomas Brenner, 2013. "The organizational and regional determinants of inter-regional collaborations – Academic inventors as bridging agents," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2013-11, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
  9. Renato Garcia & Veneziano Araujo & Suelene Mascarini & Emerson Santos, 2011. "University-industry linkages and the role of the geographical proximity," ERSA conference papers ersa11p581, European Regional Science Association.
  10. Aschhoff, Birgit & Grimpe, Christoph, 2014. "Contemporaneous peer effects, career age and the industry involvement of academics in biotechnology," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 367-381.
  11. Davide Fantino & Alessandra Mori & Diego Scalise, 2012. "Collaboration between firms and universities in Italy: the role of a firm’s proximity to top-rated departments," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 884, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  12. Rune Fitjar & Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, 2013. "The geographical dimension of innovation collaboration: Collaboration and innovation in Norway," ERSA conference papers ersa13p878, European Regional Science Association.
  13. De Fuentes, Claudia & Dutrénit, Gabriela, 2012. "Best channels of academia–industry interaction for long-term benefit," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(9), pages 1666-1682.
  14. Hong, Wei & Su, Yu-Sung, 2013. "The effect of institutional proximity in non-local university–industry collaborations: An analysis based on Chinese patent data," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(2), pages 454-464.

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