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Jockeying for Position: What It Means and Why It Matters to Regional Development Policy When Places Compete

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  • Edward Malecki
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    Abstract

    Malecki E. J. (2004) Jockeying for position: what it means and why it matters to regional development policy when places compete, Regional Studies38, 1093-1112. The realization that places compete for investment has expanded in recent years to encompass competition among places for the attention of migrants, tourists and media glow as well as investment. The most competitive places have been multidimensional in their attractions and have made the transition to the knowledge-based economy. The latest priority is being placed on attracting mobile workers and mobile investment. Creative workers are the core of the knowledge economy and of its geographies such as 'intelligent places' and 'learning regions'. Knowledge metrics, innovation indices and report cards are increasingly common, each seemingly developed to sort the list of places in a different order. Lists or league tables of 'the best places' for business, to live, retire and visit are key features of economies and societies whose factors of success are highly mobile. Competition in a geographical context and entrepreneurial responses are unlikely to go away, reinforced by an industry comprised of consultancies, the trade press, formal education and other means of learning. Consequently, policy-makers need to grasp the nature of place competition and the critical roles of knowledge and of networks in the strategies of the most competitive places. The standard of competition is complex, comprising innovation indices and cooperation within the network of world cities.Malecki E. J. (2004) Lutter pour la premiere place: l'importance de la concurrence interville pour la politique d'amenagement du territoire, Regional Studies38, 1093-1112. Dans les annees recentes, se rendre compte que les villes se font concurrence pour l'investissement s'est elargi pour englober la concurrence interville qui cherche a seduire les migrants, les touristes et les medias ainsi que l'investissement. L'attrait des villes les plus competitives a ete multidimensionnel, et elles se sont transformees en economies basees sur la connaissance. La derniere priorite c'est attirer les travailleurs mobiles ainsi que l'investissement mobile. Les travailleurs creatifs sont au coeur d'une economie basee sur la connaissance et de ses localisations, telles les 'villes intelligentes' et les 'regions d'apprentissage'. Il semble que la mesure de la connaissance, les indices de l'innovation, et les tableaux de bord sont employes de plus en plus afin de classer les villes. Un classement des 'meilleures villes' pour le commerce, la retraite, le tourisme constitue une caracteristique cle des economies et des societes dont les facteurs moteurs sont tres mobiles. Il est peu probable que la concurrence sur le plan geographique et la reponse de la part des entrepreneurs s'attenuent, ce qui est renforce par une industrie comportant des cabinets, une presse specialisee, l'education et d'autres moyens d'apprendre. Par la suite, les decideurs devraitent saisir la notion de concurrence interville et les roles decisifs que jouent la connaissance et les reseaux dans les strategies des villes les plus competitives. Le niveau de la concurrence est complexe, comportant des indices de l'innovation et de la cooperation au sein du reseau des grandes villes de taille mondiale.Malecki E. J. (2004) Bemuhungen, sich gut zu plazieren: was es bedeutet, und warum es fur die regionale Entwicklungspolitik wichtig ist, wenn Orte miteinander konkurrieren, Regional Studies38, 1093-1112. Die Erkenntnis, dass Orte um Investierungen kampfen, hat sich in den letzten Jahren dahingehend ausgeweitet, dass der Wettbewerb unter Ortschaften sich nicht nur auf Investierungen, sondern auch auf die Aufmerksamkeit von Zuwanderern, Touristen und das Rampenlicht der Medien richtet. Die konkurrenzfahigsten Orte sind diejenigen, welche vielfaltige Attraktionen anbieten und den ubergang zu einer auf Fachkenntnissen aufbauenden Wirtschaft geschafft haben. Der letzte Schrei in Vorrangstellung ist die Fahigkeit wanderungsfreudige Arbeitskrafte und freies Kapital anzuziehen. Schopferische Arbeitskrafte bilden den Kern der auf Kenntnissen beruhenden Wirtschaft und ihrer geographischen Bezeichnungen wie 'Intelligenzorte' und 'dazulernende Regionen'. Immer haufiger stosst man auf Messungen des Standes der Fachkenntnisse, Innovationsindexe und Berichterstattungen, die alle anscheinend zum Zweck der Neueinordnung der Ortschaften in Ranglisten geschaffen werden. Listen oder Ligatabellen 'der besten Standorte' fur Geschafte, Wohnort, Ruhestand und Ausfluge sind Hauptmerkmale der Wirtschaften und Gesellschaften, deren zu Erfolg fuhrende Faktoren sich durch hohe Beweglichkeit auszeichnen. Wettbewerb in einem geographischen Zusammenhang und Unternehmerreaktionen werden wahrscheinlich nicht aufhoren, sondern eher bestarkt durch eine Industrie, die sich aus Beratern, der Handelspresse, formaler Schulbildung and anderen Lernmoglichkeiten zusammensetzt. Enwicklungspolitiker mussen infolgedessen die Natur der Standortkonkurrenz sowie die kritischen Rollen von Fachkenntnissen und Netzwerken bei den Strategien der konkurrenzfahigsten Orte verstehen. Der Wettbewerbsstandard ist komplex, und umfasst Innovationsindexe und Zusammenarbeit im Netzwerk der Weltstadte.Malecki E. J. (2004) Maniobrando para conseguir una posicion: que significa y por que es importante para las politicas de desarrollo regional que los lugares compitan, Regional Studies38, 1093- 1112. La realizacion de que los lugares compiten por inversion ha aumentado en los ultimos anos para abarcar la competicion entre lugares para atraer la atencion de emigrantes, turistas, y periodistas asi como para atraer inversiones. Los lugares mas competitivos han sido multidimensionales en sus atracciones, y han hecho la transicion hacia una economia basada en el conocimiento. La prioridad mas reciente se ha dirigido hacia la atraccion de trabajadores e inversiones de caracter movil. Los trabajadores creativos forman el corazon de la economia del conocimiento y de sus geografias como por ejemplo lo son los 'lugares inteligentes' y 'las regiones que aprenden'. Las metricas de conocimiento, los indices de innovacion tarjetas de reporte son cada vez mas comunes, cada uno de ellos desarrollados de forma similar para clasificar la lista de lugares siguiendo un orden diferente. Las listas o las tablas de ligas de los 'mejores lugares' para los negocios, para vivir, retirarse y para visitar son rasgos clave de las economias y de las sociedades cuyos factores de exito son altamente moviles. La competicion en un contexto geografico y las actividades emprendedoras que se producen como respuesta es probable que no desaparezcan, reforzadas por una industria que comprende asesorias, prensa especializada, educacion formal y otras formas de aprendizaje. Consecuentemente, los disenadores de politicas necesitan comprender la naturaleza de la competicion entre los lugares y los roles criticos del conocimiento y de las redes (networks) en las estrategias de los lugares mas competitivos. El estandar de la competicion es un asunto complejo, el cual comprende indices de innovacion y co-operacion dentro de la red (network) de las ciudades globales.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 38 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 9 ()
    Pages: 1101-1120

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:38:y:2004:i:9:p:1101-1120

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    Keywords: Competition; Regional development; Policy; Knowledge; World cities;

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    Cited by:
    1. VASILIS ANGELIS & Athanasios Angelis-Dimakis & Katerina Dimaki, 2012. "The Role Of Environment In A Region’S Sustainable Development As Described By A Butterfly Catastrophe," ERSA conference papers ersa12p1157, European Regional Science Association.
    2. Martijn J. Burger & Bert van der Knaap & Ronald S. Wall, 2012. "Revealed Competition for Greenfield Investments between European Regions," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-063/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    3. Thomas Berger, 2011. "An Overview and Analysis on Indices of Regional Competitiveness," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 1, pages 17-33, April.
    4. repec:dgr:uvatin:2012063 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Jennifer Clark, 2010. "Coordinating a conscious geography: the role of research centers in multi-scalar innovation policy and economic development in the US and Canada," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 35(5), pages 460-474, October.
    6. Imre Lengyel, 2011. "The role of clusters in the development of Hungarian city-regions," ERSA conference papers ersa10p313, European Regional Science Association.
    7. Evert Meijers, 2005. "High-level consumer services in polycentric urban regions - hospital care and higher education between duplication and complementarity," ERSA conference papers ersa05p208, European Regional Science Association.
    8. Argentino Pessoa, 2011. "How high is the ability of tourism to reverse the course of depressed regions? An appraisal based on the recovery of the Portuguese Douro Valley," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1148, European Regional Science Association.

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