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The Duhem-Quine thesis and experimental economics: A reinterpretation

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  • Morten S�berg
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    Abstract

    The Duhem-Quine thesis asserts that any empirical evaluation of a theory is in fact a composite test of several interconnected hypotheses. Recalcitrant evidence signals falsity within the conjunction of hypotheses, but logic alone cannot pinpoint the individual element(s) inside the theoretical cluster responsible for a false prediction. This paper considers the relevance of the Duhem-Quine thesis for experimental economics. A starting point is to detail how laboratory evaluations of economic hypotheses constitute composite tests. Another aim is to scrutinize the strategy of conducting a series of experiments in order to hem in the source(s) of disconfirmative evidence. A Bayesian approach is employed to argue that reproducing experiments may be useful in terms of identifying plausible causes of recalcitrant data.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Journal of Economic Methodology.

    Volume (Year): 12 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 581-597

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:jecmet:v:12:y:2005:i:4:p:581-597

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    Keywords: experimental economics; methodology; Duhem-Quine thesis;

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