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Multidimensional inequality and multidimensional generalized entropy measures: An axiomatic derivation

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  • Kai-yuen Tsui

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    (Department of Economics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong)

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    Abstract

    This paper generalizes the axiomatic approach to the design of income inequality measures to the multiattribute context. While the extension of most axioms considered desirable for inequality indices is straightforward, it is not entirely clear when a situation is more unequal than another when each person is characterised by a vector of attributes of well-being. We explore two majorization criteria which are partial orders ranking distributions of attributes by their degree of inequality. The two criteria are motivated by the Pigou-Dalton Transfer Principle in the unidimensional context and its equivalent formulation. These criteria gauge inequality loosely speaking with respect to the dispersion of the multidimensional distribution of the attributes. They, however, fail to address a different dimension of multivariate inequality pertaining to an increase in the correlation of the attributes. In this connection, this paper introduces a correlation-increasing majorization criterion proposed by Boland and Proschan (1988). Finally, in conjunction with other axioms commonly invoked in the literature on inequality, the majorization criteria lead inexorably to the class of multidimensional generalized entropy measures.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Social Choice and Welfare.

    Volume (Year): 16 (1999)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 145-157

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    Handle: RePEc:spr:sochwe:v:16:y:1999:i:1:p:145-157

    Note: Received: 15 June 1995 / Accepted: 30 September 1997
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    Cited by:
    1. Thibault Gajdos & John A. Weymark, 2003. "Multidimensional Generalized Gini Indices," Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers 0311, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics, revised Jul 2003.
    2. Stéphane Mussard, 2006. "La décomposition des mesures d’inégalité en sources de revenu : l’indice de Gini et les généralisations," Cahiers de recherche 06-05, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
    3. Satya R. Chakravarty & Conchita D'Ambrosio, 2003. "The Measurement of Social Exclusion," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 364, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    4. Luc Savard & Stéphane Mussard, 2005. "Horizontal and Vertical Redistribution and Micro-simulation," Cahiers de recherche 05-03, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
    5. John A. Weymark, 2003. "The Normative Approach to the Measurement of Multidimensional Inequality," Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers 0314, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics, revised Jan 2004.

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