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The spatial distribution of new technology-based firms: Empirical results for West-Germany

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  • Eric A. Nerlinger

    ()
    (Fuchs Lubricants Co., 17050 Northrop Avenue, Harvey, IL 60426, USA)

  • Franz-Josef Bade

    ()
    (University of Dortmund, Faculty of Spatial Planning, Department of Economics, 44221 Dortmund, Germany)

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    Abstract

    The focus of the article is to shed some more light on the spatial distribution of new technology-based firms (NTBF) and to discuss location factors which may contribute to the explanation of the variation in the incidence of NTBF between the West-German districts ("Kreise"). Based on theoretical models explaining the location decisions of new firms, hypotheses are derived and tested in an empirical model. The regression results indicate strong correlations between the occurrence of NTBF and the proximity to Research and Development (R&D) facilities comprising universities, technical colleges and non-university institutes as well as private R&D. As expected, the impact of the various facilities varies with respect to their field of specialization, showing major positive correlations with respect to technical disciplines. Moreover, the estimates reveal out differences due to spatial characteristics such as infrastructure and other structural factors.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Papers in Regional Science.

    Volume (Year): 79 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 155-176

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    Handle: RePEc:spr:presci:v:79:y:2000:i:2:p:155-176

    Note: Received: 26 April 1999
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    Web page: http://link.springer.de/link/service/journals/10110/index.htm

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    Related research

    Keywords: Firm births; new technology based firms; firms demography;

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    Cited by:
    1. Michael Fritsch & Pamela Mueller, 2006. "The Effect of New Business Formation on Regional Development over Time: The Case of Germany," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2006-19, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
    2. C. Dembour, 2008. "Competition for Business Location: A Survey," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 8(2), pages 89-111, June.
    3. Schanne, Norbert & Weyh, Antje, 2009. "What makes start-ups out of unemployment different?," IAB Discussion Paper 200904, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    4. Frank Lasch & Frank Robert & Frédéric Roy, 2013. "Regional determinants of ICT new firm formation," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 671-686, April.
    5. Moyano Pesquera, Pedro, 2011. "La adaptación del Sistema Nacional de Incentivos Regionales a la Ley para el Desarrollo Sostenible del Medio Rural /Adjustment of the National System of Regional Incentives to the Law for Sustainable," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 29, pages 95-128, Abril.
    6. Josep-Maria Arauzo-Carod & Daniel Liviano-Solis & Miguel Manjón-Antolín, 2010. "Empirical Studies In Industrial Location: An Assessment Of Their Methods And Results," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(3), pages 685-711.
    7. Wagner, Joachim & Sternberg, Rolf, 2002. "The Role of the Regional Milieu for the Decision to Start a New Firm: Empirical Evidence for Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 494, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Pedro Moyano & Beatriz Fariña & Guillermo Aleixandre & Olga Ogando, 2005. "Enterprise creation at a local scale - determining factors in the case of municipalities in Castilla y León," ERSA conference papers ersa05p516, European Regional Science Association.
    9. Kolympiris, Christos & Kalaitzandonakes, Nicholas & Miller, Douglas, 2014. "Public funds and local biotechnology firm creation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 121-137.
    10. Arauzo Carod, Josep Maria & Faggian, Alessandra & Mañé Vernet, Ferran, 2010. "Internal and External Determinants of Radical and incremental Innovation in SMEs: the case of Catalonia," Working Papers 2072/179605, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
    11. Laaser, Claus-Friedrich & Soltwedel, Rüdiger, 2002. "Internet, adjustment of firms and the spatial division of labour," ERSA conference papers ersa02p520, European Regional Science Association.
    12. Rui Baptista & Joana Mendonça, 2010. "Proximity to knowledge sources and the location of knowledge-based start-ups," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 45(1), pages 5-29, August.
    13. Arthur Huang & David Levinson, 2008. "An agent-based retail location model on a supply chain network," Working Papers 000037, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
    14. Heger, Diana & Rinawi, Miriam & Veith, Tobias, 2011. "The effect of broadband infrastructure on entrepreneurial activities: The case of Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 11-081, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

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