Fare Determination in Airline Hub-and-Spoke Networks
AbstractThis article provides the first evidence linking airfares to the structure of airline hub-and-spoke networks. The hypothesis tested is that any force that increases traffic volume on the spokes of a network will reduce fares in the markets it serves. This effect arises because of economies of density on the spokes. For example, since a large network (as measured by the number of city pairs that it connects) is expected to have low costs per passenger as a result of high traffic densities, fares in the individual markets served should be low, other things equal. Similarly, holding size fixed, a network that connects large cities should have higher traffic densities on its spokes (and thus lower fares in individual markets) than one serving small cities. Our empirical analysis supports these predictions. We find that network characteristics are important determinants of fares in 4-segment city-pair markets (these are markets requiring a connection at the hub). Furthermore, our empirical model predicts that the TWA-Ozark and Northwest-Republic mergers should have reduced fares in the 4-segment markets served by the hubs at St. Louis and Minneapolis.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by The RAND Corporation in its journal RAND Journal of Economics.
Volume (Year): 23 (1992)
Issue (Month): 3 (Autumn)
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.rje.org
You can help add them by filling out this form.
CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
This item has more than 25 citations. To prevent cluttering this page, these citations are listed on a separate page. reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ().
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.