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Critical Mass and Tariff Structure in Electronic Communications Markets

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  • Shmuel S. Oren
  • Stephen A. Smith
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    Abstract

    Most communication services have a demand "externality" in that the benefit to a subscriber depends upon how many of his communication partners also subscribe. This article develops an economic model that determines both the required critical mass size for startup and the ultimate expansion level of such a system. The effects of different pricing structures for the service are evaluated under the assumption that users maximize benefits minus cost and a monopoly supplier maximizes profit.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by The RAND Corporation in its journal Bell Journal of Economics.

    Volume (Year): 12 (1981)
    Issue (Month): 2 (Autumn)
    Pages: 467-487

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    Handle: RePEc:rje:bellje:v:12:y:1981:i:autumn:p:467-487

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    Cited by:
    1. Cyrus C.Y. Chu & Hung-Ken Chien, 2005. "Durable-Goods Monopolists, Network Effects and Penetration Pricing," IEAS Working Paper : academic research 05-A001, Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
    2. Rabah Amir & Natalia Lazzati, 2009. "Network Effects, Market Structure and Industry Performance," Working Papers 09-27, NET Institute.
    3. Nicholas Economides, 1997. "The Economics of Networks," Brazilian Electronic Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, vol. 1(0), December.
    4. Kanemoto, Yoshitsugu, 2000. "Price and quantity competition among heterogeneous suppliers with two-part pricing: applications to clubs, local public goods, networks, and growth controls," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 587-608, December.
    5. Schade, Sven & Buxmann, Peter, 2005. "A Prototype to Analyse and Support Standardization Decisions," Publications of Darmstadt Technical University, Institute for Business Studies (BWL) 35795, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute for Business Studies (BWL).
    6. Hahn, Jong-Hee, 2003. "Nonlinear pricing of telecommunications with call and network externalities," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 21(7), pages 949-967, September.
    7. Economides, Nicholas, 1996. "Network externalities, complementarities, and invitations to enter," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 211-233, September.
    8. Funk, Jeffrey L., 2003. "Standards, dominant designs and preferential acquisition of complementary assets through slight information advantages," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(8), pages 1325-1341, September.
    9. Okada, Yosuke & Hatta, Keiko, 1999. "The Interdependent Telecommunications Demand and Efficient Price Structure," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 311-335, December.
    10. Jing, Bing, 2007. "Network externalities and market segmentation in a monopoly," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 7-13, April.
    11. Corneo, Giacomo & Jeanne, Olivier, 1997. "Snobs, bandwagons, and the origin of social customs in consumer behavior," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 333-347, March.
    12. Sillanpää, Antti & Laamanen, Tomi, 2009. "Positive and negative feedback effects in competition for dominance of network business systems," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 871-884, June.
    13. Chichilnisky, Graciela, 1995. "The evolution of a global network: a game of coalition formation," MPRA Paper 8487, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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