Increasing Agglomeration or Dispersion? Industrial Specialization and Geographic Concentration in NAFTA
AbstractWe analyze industrial specialization and geographic concentration patterns within the NAFTA area during 1988-2000 and examine the determinant of spatial concentration. NAFTA countries have become increasingly dissimilar over time. A changing spatial structure of total NAFTA manufacturing is also evident. Manufaturing is increasingly relocating to Mexico, wich comes at the expense of the US. In addition , tere is evidence of a general upward trend in the degree of relative geographic concentration of North-American industries. Labor-intensive and low-technology activities appear to be the most spatially concentrated industries, exhibiting a strong increasing trend. Comparative advantage factors largely explain geographic concentration of industries across NAFTA countries, indicating the empirical relevance of traditional trade theory in the NAFTA case.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University in its journal Journal of Economic Integration.
Volume (Year): 21 (2006)
Issue (Month): ()
Specialization; Geographic concentration; Economic integration; NFATA;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
- F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
- L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
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- Trejo Nieto , Alejandra Berenice, 2010. "The geographic concentration in Mexican manufacturing industries, an account of patterns, dynamics and explanations: 1988-2003," Investigaciones Regionales, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 18, pages 37-60.
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