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Increasing Agglomeration or Dispersion? Industrial Specialization and Geographic Concentration in NAFTA


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  • Vogiatzoglou, Klimis

    (University of pataras)

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    We analyze industrial specialization and geographic concentration patterns within the NAFTA area during 1988-2000 and examine the determinant of spatial concentration. NAFTA countries have become increasingly dissimilar over time. A changing spatial structure of total NAFTA manufacturing is also evident. Manufaturing is increasingly relocating to Mexico, wich comes at the expense of the US. In addition , tere is evidence of a general upward trend in the degree of relative geographic concentration of North-American industries. Labor-intensive and low-technology activities appear to be the most spatially concentrated industries, exhibiting a strong increasing trend. Comparative advantage factors largely explain geographic concentration of industries across NAFTA countries, indicating the empirical relevance of traditional trade theory in the NAFTA case.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University in its journal Journal of Economic Integration.

    Volume (Year): 21 (2006)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 379-396

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    Handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0361

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    Related research

    Keywords: Specialization; Geographic concentration; Economic integration; NFATA;

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    Cited by:
    1. Trejo Nieto , Alejandra Berenice, 2010. "The geographic concentration in Mexican manufacturing industries, an account of patterns, dynamics and explanations: 1988-2003," Investigaciones Regionales, AsociaciĆ³n EspaƱola de Ciencia Regional, issue 18, pages 37-60.


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