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R&S e competitività interna¬zionale in Europa: un’analisi settoriale - R&D and competitiveness in Europe: A sectoral analysis

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Author Info

  • Pantiglioni , Barbara

    (Università di Bologna - Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche)

  • Santarelli , Enrico

    ()
    (Università di Bologna - Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche)

Abstract

The purpose is to explain the relation between the dynamics of R&D expenditures and that of exports in the four largest EU countries: France, Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom. Estimation of a fixed effects (Least Squares Dummy Variable) panel model for manufacturing as a whole and for fourteen (two digit) industries in manufacturing over the 1981-1992 period points out a positive and significant relation between variation in the share of R&D by each of the relevant countries on total R&D by all OECD countries and variation in the share of export by each of the relevant countries on total exports by OECD countries. In particular, this relation is stronger in Motor vehicles & equipment, Chemicals & pharmaceuticals, Mechanical engineering, Food, beverages & tobacco, Wood, paper & printing, whereas it turns out to be of scant significance for Textiles, clothing & footwear. In the light of these findings, further support is provided for the hypothesis that the competitive advantage/disadvantage of nations is strongly connected with their innovative capability.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Camera di Commercio di Genova in its journal Economia Internazionale / International Economics.

Volume (Year): 51 (1998)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 47-62

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Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0314

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Keywords: R&D; technological innovation; trade performance; manufacturing; European countries;

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