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Where Should the Money Go? A Six-country Comparison of Attitudes toward Spending on Public Pensions and Unemployment Programs

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  • JoEllen Pederson
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    Abstract

    Using both country-level and individual-level theories and indicators, this paper examines attitudes toward government spending on unemployment and pensions, two of the most expensive welfare state programs. I use a basic form of multilevel modeling to test three theories: self-interest, political ideology, and Esping-Andersen¡¯s regime typology. Specificlly, I examine how self-interest and political ideology shape respondents¡¯ ideas about spending on welfare and how these ideas vary across six countries. Based on my results, I argue that attitudes toward unemployment and pensions are not the same and cannot be assumed to be. With that said, Esping-Andersen¡¯s typology can, in fact, be applied to attitudes with minimal variation especially as it pertains to pensions. Self-interest and political ideology theories both impact individual-level differences in attitudes; while these theories measure different ideas of influence, they are both important in understanding peoples¡¯ attitudes about social policies.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Redfame publishing in its journal International Journal of Social Science Studies.

    Volume (Year): 2 (2014)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January)
    Pages: 38-50

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    Handle: RePEc:rfa:journl:v:2:y:2014:i:1:p:38-50

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    Related research

    Keywords: welfare; pensions; unemployment; cross-national; public opinion;

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