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Criterios Y Factores De Calidad Institucional: Un Estudio Empírico

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Author Info

  • JOSÉ ANTONIO ALONSO

    (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)

  • CARLOS GARCIMARTÍN

    (Universidad Rey Juan Carlos)

Abstract

El presente trabajo pretende aportar nuevas evidencias acerca de los factores que determinan la calidad institucional. Dada las deficiencias que presentan los indicadores existentes al respecto, una primera parte se orienta a discutir los criterios exigibles a una institución de calidad. Sobre esos criterios se definen las relaciones que serán objeto de exploración en el trabajo empírico posterior. De acuerdo a los resultados obtenidos, son el propio nivel de desarrollo, la equidad en la distribución de la renta, la existencia de un sistema impositivo eficaz y el nivel educativo los principales determinantes de la calidad institucional. Por el contrario, algunas de las variables tradicionalmente planteadas en la literatura (localización geográfica, fragmentación étnica, tradición jurídica u origen colonial) o bien no tienen incidencia en la calidad institucional una vez que se controla por el nivel de desarrollo o su efecto es indirecto, a través de las variables anteriormente mencionadas.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Universidad de Zaragoza, Departamento de Estructura Economica y Economia Publica in its journal Revista de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 19 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (Spring)
Pages: 5-32

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Handle: RePEc:rev:reveca:v:19:y:2011:i:1:p:5-32

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Related research

Keywords: instituciones económicas; calidad institucional; gobernanza; desarrollo;

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