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La globalización, inversión extranjera y desigualdades regionales

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  • Raquel Díaz Vázquez

    (Departamento de Fundamentos del Análisis Económico e Historia e Instituciones Económicas, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales. Universidad de Vigo)

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    Abstract

    El aumento espectacular de las inversiones extranjeras con fines productivos, impulsadas por una oleada de fusiones y adquisiciones transfronterizas, ha sido uno de los principales rasgos que ha caracterizado recientemente a una economía mundial en la que las empresas transnacionales han actuado como “motor” del tantas veces aludido “proceso de globalización”. Sin embargo, las impresionantes cifras globales esconden además la existencia de grandes diferencias entre territorios de tal modo que son los países más desarrollados y, dentro de éstos, las regiones más desarrolladas, quienes dominan el mapa mundial. La economía española, tras convertirse en uno de los principales receptores de este capital foráneo bajo la forma de Inversión Extranjera Directa, es un claro ejemplo de esta concentración territorial de capital extranjero en las regiones más desarrolladas. Si bien la crisis económica internacional generó una nueva estrategia basada en la reubicación del capital foráneo, la comunidad madrileña, siempre ha mantenido su atractivo para el inversor extranjero. La concentración de este tipo de capital en dicha comunidad incluso se intensifica conforme se avanza temporalmente. De nuevo, se está reproduciendo un patrón de crecimiento desigual, y la brecha entre las regiones más y menos desarrolladas se intensifica.

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    File URL: http://www.revistaeconomiacritica.org/sites/default/files/revistas/n1/13_globalizacion.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Asociación de Economía Crítica in its journal Revista de Economía Crítica.

    Volume (Year): 1 (2003)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 229-256

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    Handle: RePEc:ret:ecocri:rec01_13

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    Keywords: Globalización; Inversiones Extranjeras Directas; Localización territorial; Concentración geográfica;

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    1. Blomström, Magnus & Kokko, Ari, 1996. "Multinational Corporations and Spillovers," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 99, Stockholm School of Economics.
    2. Barrell, Ray & Pain, Nigel, 1997. "Foreign Direct Investment, Technological Change, and Economic Growth within Europe," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 107(445), pages 1770-86, November.
    3. M. T. Alguacil & Vicente Orts, 2002. "Inward Foreign Direct Investment And Imports In Spain," Working Papers 02-01, Asociación Española de Economía y Finanzas Internacionales.
    4. Barrell, Ray & Pain, Nigel, 1999. "Trade restraints and Japanese direct investment flows," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 29-45, January.
    5. Peter Egger & Michael Pfaffermayr, 2001. "A note on labour productivity and foreign inward direct investment," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(4), pages 229-232.
    6. M. T. Alguacil & V. Orts, 2003. "Inward Foreign Direct Investment and Imports in Spain," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(3), pages 19-38.
    7. Ying-Foon Chow & Jinli Zeng, 2001. "Foreign capital in a neoclassical model of growth," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(9), pages 613-615.
    8. M. T. Alguacil & V. Orts, . "Inward Foreign Direct Investment and Imports in Spain," Working Papers on International Economics and Finance 02-01, FEDEA.
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