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L'analyse économétrique de la délinquance. Une synthèse de résultats récents

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Author Info

  • Francis Kramarz
  • Denis Fougère
  • Julien Pouget

Abstract

[fre] Denis Fougère Francis Kramarz Julien Pouget L'analyse économétrique de la délinquance. Une synthèse de résultats récents. L'objet de cet article est de faire le point sur les apports essentiels des travaux économétriques récents consacrés à l'examen statistique des causes économiques et des conséquences de la délinquance. Nous passons en revue trois types de travaux : ceux qui analysent le lien entre la délinquance et la situation du marché du travail ; ceux essayant d'évaluer les effets dissuasifs de la sévérité du dispositif policier et du système judiciaire ; les études qui ont utilisé l'approche par les interactions sociales pour mieux appréhender le niveau et les conséquences de la délinquance. Dans un second temps, nous présentons quelques résultats récents concernant le cas de la France, en ayant auparavant rappelé les potentialités et les limites des données disponibles. Ces résultats proviennent de deux de nos études empiriques. La première se propose d'évaluer l'impact du niveau du taux de chômage des jeunes sur le nombre de délits enregistrés dans les départements français au cours de la dernière décennie. La seconde examine, à l'aide de données collectées par l'Insee, l'effet causal de la délinquance subie par les ménages sur leur mobilité résidentielle. [eng] The Econometric Analysis of Crime. A Survey of Recent Research This article surveys the recent econometric literature analyzing the economic causes and consequences of crime. In this survey, we distinguish three types of studies : the ones measuring the statistical relationship between unemployment rates (or wage levels) and crime rates ; the ones evaluating the effects of public policies on crime ; and finally, the studies trying to explain the level and consequences of crime by means of social interactions. In the second part of our article, we present results coming from two recent studies that we have conducted using French macro- and micro-data. Our first study measures the impact of local youth unemployment rate on local crime rates over the last decade. Our second study uses household data collected by INSEE (Paris) to estimate the causal effect of crime on household mobility.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rfeco.2005.1552
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File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/rfeco_0769-0479_2005_num_19_3_1552/rfeco_0769-0479_2005_num_19_3_1552.pdf?mode=light
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 19 (2005)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 3-55

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2005_num_19_3_1552

Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2005.1552
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rfeco

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Cited by:
  1. Patrick Guillaumont & Frédéric Puech, 2011. "Macro-Economic Instability and Crime," Working Papers halshs-00564579, HAL.
  2. Langlais, Eric, 2009. "les criminels aiment-ils le risque ?
    [Are criminals risk-seeking individulas ?]
    ," MPRA Paper 14892, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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