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Biens publics globaux et changement climatique


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  • William D. Nordhaus


[eng] Global change has the nature of a global public good. This has two main consequences : first, being a public good, private markets mechanisms are unable to provide a correct level of provision for the good, and second : States have to resign parts of their sovereignty to reach a global agreement concerning a desirable level for provision of the global public good. First, the paper defines global public goods and summarizes the main characteristics of such goods. Next, it describes alternative mechanisms for provision of global public goods. The final section investigates the prominent issues raised by global warming, discusses the Kyoto Protocol, and proposes an alternative approach which might be more efficient and practical. [fre] Le changement climatique a la dimension d'un bien public global. Comme tout bien public, des systèmes décentralisés de marché ne permettent pas d'en assurer une fourniture socialement optimale. De par son caractère global, une politique publique adéquate suppose des restrictions volontaires de souveraineté pour les Etats dans le cadre d'accords négociés. L'article définit tout d'abord les biens publics globaux et décrit leurs principales propriétés, puis il discute et compare les différents mécanismes envisageables permettant de gérer la fourniture de ces biens, et propose enfin un réexamen critique du protocole de Kyoto à la lumière de l'analyse précédente avec des voies alternatives à Kyoto, plus efficaces économiquement et plus simples à mettre en œuvre, pour maîtriser les émissions de gaz à effet de serre.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 14 (1999)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 11-32

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1999_num_14_3_1085

Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1999.1085
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Cited by:
  1. Jérôme Rieu, 2002. "Politiques nationales de lutte contre le changement climatique et réglementation de la concurrence : le cas de la fiscalité," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 155(4), pages 95-113.


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