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Les salaires des « vedettes » du sport professionnel par équipe : une application privilégiée de la théorie du salaire d'efficience ?

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  • Patrice Bouvet
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    Abstract

    [fre] Dans nos sociétés, le montant des salaires de certains sportifs professionnels est de plus en plus élevé. Pour expliquer cette évolution deux arguments sont généralement avancés : celui de la brièveté de la carrière et celui des « compétences rares ». A l'examen, on s'aperçoit que ces deux justifications ne sont guères satisfai- santes. Dans cet article, nous avons donc été amenés à nous demander si la rémunération des sportifs professionnels par équipe n'est pas une application privilégiée de la théorie du salaire d'efficience. Dans sa version sociologique, cette théorie ne fournit pas un cadre d'analyse satisfaisant. Dans sa version économique, elle permet en revanche d'analyser le comportement des présidents de club. Par ailleurs, deux points méritent d'être notés. Appliquée au champ sportif, la théorie du salaire d'efficience est cohérente avec les analyses de la segmentation du marché du travail. Indirectement, la généralisation de « salaires d'appel » apparaît comme l'une des causes du chômage de certains sportifs professionnels. [eng] In our societies, the amount of the wages of some professional sportsmen is higher and higher. In order to explain this evolution two argue-ments are generally put forward : the briefness of the profession and the « scarcity of competence ». After examination, it's visible that these two justifications are not really satisfactory. So, in this article we wonder if the remuneration of professional team sportsmen is not a privileged application of the efficiency wage model. In the sociological version, this theory doesn't supply a satisfactory analytical frame- work. In its economical version, it permits to analyse the club's chairmen beha- viour. Moreover, two others points must be noted. Applied to sport, the efficiency wage model fits in with the segmented labour market analysis. Indirectly, the generalization of « attractive salaries » seems one of the causes of professional sportsmen unemployment.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rfeco.1996.1010
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

    Volume (Year): 11 (1996)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 119-144

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1996_num_11_4_1010

    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1996.1010
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rfeco

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