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Dupuit et la pensée économique contemporaine

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  • Jean-Marc Siroën

Abstract

[fre] L'article présente les travaux économiques de Jules Dupuit [1801-1866] et montre l'importance de cet auteur dans la formation de la pensée économique contemporaine. Jules Dupuit a précédé Marshall dans la mise en évidence du surplus des consommateurs. Il a mis en évidence la discrimination des prix en montrant que celle-ci pouvait permettre d'augmenter le surplus des consommateurs. Dupuit associait la différenciation des prix et celle des produits et considérait qu'il s'agissait de pratiques courantes qui pouvaient inspirer les monopoles publics. Dupuit peut également être considéré comme un pionnier en matière de fiscalité (il énonce la courbe de Laffer) et de méthodologie. [eng] The paper presents Jules Dupuit's economic works. It shows its importance in the contemporary economic thought. Dupuit explained the consumers surplus theory before Marshall. He laid stress on price discrimination and emphasized that this practice could raise surplus. Dupuit established a link between price discriminations and product differentiations. He considered that the both were a very common practice in the real markets. They could be used as references for public monopolies. Dupuit acted also as a pioneer in fiscal theory (he explains a Laffer's curve) and methodology.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rfeco.1995.977
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 10 (1995)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 35-54

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1995_num_10_2_977

Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1995.977
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rfeco

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