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La révolution tertiaire : services, emploi et croissance

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  • Jean-François Lefèvre-Farcy
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    Abstract

    [fre] Jean-François Lefèvre-Farcy La révolution tertiaire : services, emploi et croissance. La confirmation dans la crise de l'orientation tertiaire de nos économies permet le renouvellement des analyses et du questionnement sur le rôle de l'emploi de service dans la dynamique économique et sociale actuelle. Fondées sur une vision classique des services, les analyses tradi- tionnalistes en soulignent le caractère d'improductivité. Elles sont confer- tées par les approches qui, d'une part mettent le tertiaire au centre d'un modèle de déséquilibre et, d'autre part, celles qui dénoncent le risque de dua- lisation de nos sociétés. Face à celles-ci, les conceptions en rupture dessinent une véritable révolution copernicienne. D'abord, en se dotant d'une vision rénovée du concept de service que génère une analyse reformulée des rapports entre industrie et tertiaire ; ensuite, en promouvant une conception élargie de la richesse dans les nations post-industrielles. Alors, les services, dans le cadre d'une recomposition post-fordiste de nos économies, se trouvent au creuset d'une nouvelle régulation économique et sociale. Voilà toute la dimension d'une révolution tertiaire. [eng] The confirmation in the crisis of the tertiary trend of our economies allow a renewal of analysis on the rôle of the employment service in the present socio-economic dynamics. Based on a classical view of the service, the traditionnalist analyses underline its trait of unproductiveness. They are supported by the approaches which, on the one hand, set the tertiary activities in the middle of a pattern of unbalanced growth, and, on the other hand, expose the risk of dualism in our society. Facing this, some breakaway ideas draw the picture of a real co- pernician revolution. First by allowing themself a new vision of the concept of service generated by a reformulated study of the relations between industry and tertiary activities; and then, by expressing a widened conception of wealth in the post-industrial nations. That way, should there be a post-fordist restructuration of our economies, the services will find themselves in the heart of a new economic and social regulation. There is the whole dimension of a tertiary revolution.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rfeco.1992.1303
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

    Volume (Year): 7 (1992)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 139-166

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1992_num_7_1_1303

    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1992.1303
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rfeco

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