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Quelle transition vers quelle économie de marché pour les pays de l'Est?

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  • Bernard Chavance
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    Abstract

    [fre] Les économies socialistes viennent de succomber à une crise d'adaptation, due à un manque de flexibilité systémique qui contraste avec celle qui a caractérisé les capita- lismes occidentaux. La transition où elles sont engagées ne doit pas être interprétée de manière finaliste, vu l'incertitude qui pèse sur les effets des déstructurations systémiques. Une approche complexe du capitalisme à l'occidentale et de ses variantes est préférable à la vision libérale de l'économie de marché pour penser la sortie de l'ancien système. Le processus nécessaire de désétatisation de l'économie ne doit pas être celui d'un désengagement libéral de l'Etat, il passe par une forte politique, macro-économique et sociale de la part du gouvernement. Un nouveau modèle d'économie mixte et sociale de marché pourra-t-il émerger à l'Est, favorisant une évolution positive de la construction européenne ? [eng] Socialist economies have been the victims of an adaptation crisis caused by a lack of systemic flexibility, contrasting with the adaptative character of western capitalisms. The transition which has started should not be understood in a finalist way, as the results of systemic destructuring remain uncertain. A complex view of Western-type capitalism and of its various forms is more accurate than a neo-classical or simplified Austrian concept of a "market economy" to understand the shift away from the old system. The necessary de-statization of the economy should not correspond to a vanishing of state intervention, as a strong macro-economic and social policy of the government is needed. Will a new model of mixed and social market economy develop in the East, encouraging a beneficial evolution for the building of Europe?

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rfeco.1990.1265
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

    Volume (Year): 5 (1990)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 83-104

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1990_num_5_4_1265

    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1990.1265
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rfeco

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