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Les transformations du marché du travail en Europe de l'Est

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  • Dominique Redor

Abstract

[eng] The prospects of the labour markets linked to the political changes and to the mutation of the economic system are studied in Hungary, Poland and Czechoslovakia. Whereas these countries experienced manpower shortages in the past, unemployment seems to be unescapable for the future. First, it will be made up of structural unemployment in connection with the deep changes of the interindustry structure of employment wich remained stiff under the Soviet type system. Second, unemployment will also be brought by the "systemic mutation," i.e. the end centralization and "paternalism" of the State Administration. However East European economies could benefit from some advantages to cope with these mutations. The internal organization of enterprises, which rests on patterns which are close to those prevailing in West, and education and training systems which are relatively well developped could make the tions easier. [fre] Les perspectives du marché du travail liées aux bouleversements politiques et à la mutation du système économique sont étudiées pour la Hongrie, la Pologne et la Tchécoslovaquie. Alors que ces pays ont connu, par le passé, d'importantes pénuries de main-d'œuvre, le chômage paraît, à présent, inéluctable. Il comportera une composante «structurelle» en raison de l'évolu- tion prévisible de la structure intersectorielle de l'emploi, qui était restée figée sous le système de soviétique. Il aura aussi une composante due à la «mutation systémique» et à l'abandon du rôle centralisateur et « paternaliste » de l'Etat. Cependant, les économiede l'Est disposent de certains atouts pour aborder cette mutation. L'organisation interne des qui repose sur des principes de ceux de l'Ouest, de même qu'un système de formation développé pourraient faciliter adaptations à venir.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rfeco.1990.1258
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File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/rfeco_0769-0479_1990_num_5_3_1258/rfeco_0769-0479_1990_num_5_3_1258.pdf?mode=light
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 5 (1990)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 107-122

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1990_num_5_3_1258

Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1990.1258
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rfeco

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