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"Grappes d'entreprises" et "petits mondes". Une affaire de proximités

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  • Jean-Benoît Zimmermann

Abstract

[fre] « Grappes d'entreprises » et « petits mondes ». Une affaire de proximités. . La littérature récente reconnaît, sur un plan empirique, l'efficacité productive et innovatrice d'un mode d'organisation industrielle fondé sur l'existence de systèmes locaux, dénommés « clusters », articulés au sein de circuits industriels et commerciaux globaux. Ces études montrent que l'espace à lui seul ne fournit pas les conditions suffisantes de la coordination mais peut contribuer à son efficacité sous la condition d'existence d'autres dimensions de partage entre les agents : plan organique, représentations, projets. Dans une lecture en termes d'économie de proximités et d'agents situés, nous examinons l'apport particulièrement prometteur, du concept ctesmall-world pour rendre compte, sur le plan théorique, des propriétés des clusters. [eng] "Clusters" and "small-worlds": a proximity issue. . A recent literature has described, on an empirical level, the way in which local industries are organised into "clusters", inserted within global industrial and com­mercial networks. These studies have shown that geographicalproximity by itself is not a sufficient condition for coordination but can contribute to its efficiency, providing the existence of other shared dimensions among agents: common organisation, representations, projects... Adopting an approach in terms of proximity economies and situated agents, we emphasise the promising perspectives offered by small world concept to provide a theoretical analysis of the properties of clusters.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 53 (2002)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 517-524

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_3_410422

Note: DOI:10.2307/3502982
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/reco

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Cited by:
  1. Frédéric Rychen & Jean-Benoît Zimmermann, 2007. "Industrial Clusters and the Knowledge Based Economy : from open to distributed structures ?," Working Papers halshs-00353425, HAL.

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