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L'importance des céréales non traditionnelles dans la consommation des riches et des pauvres à Ouagadoudou

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  • Thomas A. Reardon
  • Taladidia Thiombiano
  • Christopher L. Delgado

Abstract

[fre] Sur la base d'un échantillon représentatif des catégories de ménages de la ville de Ouagadougou, les auteurs ont analysé les effets potentiels d'une augmentation du prix du riz importé sur les comportements alimentaires. L'enquête a contredit leurs hypothèses de départ qui convergeraient à estimer qu'une telle augmentation relancerait la consommation des céréales traditionnelles (mil et sorgho). Ce résultat provient d'une faible élasticité par rapport aux prix de la demande de riz par les ménages les plus pauvres que leurs obligations professionnelles contraignent à se nourrir à midi de riz acheté dans des gargotes. Par suite, les substitutions risquent de se porter plutôt vers le blé importé que vers les céréales traditionnelles, longues à préparer. On peut toutefois envisager un développement de la consommation de maïs, cultivable au Burkina Faso. [eng] Using a representative sample of the various types of households in the city of Ouagadougou, the authors analyzed the potential effects of a price rise for imported rice on food consumption. The inquiry contradicted their initial hypotheses which deemed that such a rise would boost the consumption of traditional cereals (millet and sorghum). This result is due to the low price elasticity of the demand for rice by the poorest households, which are compelled by their usual jobs to buy, for lunch, prepared rice from street vendors. Consequently the substitution is likely to be oriented to imported wheat rather than to the long to prepare traditional cereals which require considerable preparation time. However, a development can be foreseen for a consumption of corn, which can be cultivated in Burkina Faso.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/ecoru.1989.3958
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

Volume (Year): 190 (1989)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 9-14

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Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_1989_num_190_1_3958

Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.1989.3958
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecoru

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