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Economie et organisation de l'agriculture en Pologne

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  • Augustyn Wos
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    Abstract

    [eng] In Poland agriculture occupies an important place in the economy. The coexistence of state owred farms, cooperatives ond private farms complicates the management of agricultural production. . In order to influence, and not direct, agricultural economy, the national plan works on the level of prices, contracts, investments. . Price information is not sufficiently effective. . The contract system which is highly developed in Poland, guarantees the disposal of products. By provinding selected means of production (seeds, chickens...) and by technical assistance given to the farmers, the firms delivering under contract make a considerable contribution to the modernisation of methods and the diffusion of progress. . Contracts may be criticized for their cost and for a certain rigidity in exchanges. The contact system which has become less useful in its present form because of the technical level reached by Polish farms, will have to adapt itself to remain efficient. [fre] En Pologne, l'agriculture occupe une place importante dans l'économie générale. La coexistence des' fermes d'Etat, fermes coopératives et fermes privées, complique le mécanisme de gestion de la production agricole. . Pour influencer — et non pas diriger — l'économie paysanne, le plan central agit par les prix, les contrats, les investissements. . L'information par les prix est insuffisante. . Le système contractuel, très développé en Pologne, assure l'écoulement des produits. Par la fourniture de moyens de production sélectionnés (semences, poussins, etc.), et par l'assistance technique aux exploitants, les entreprises contractuelles de livraison contribuent largement à la modernisation des méthodes et à la diffusion du progrès. . On peut reprocher aux contrats leur coût et une certaine rigidité des échanges. Moins utile sous sa forme actuelle à cause du niveau d'équipement technique atteint par les fermes polonaises, le système contractuel devra s'adapter pour rester efficace.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/ecoru.1970.2079
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/ecoru_0013-0559_1970_num_83_1_2079/ecoru_0013-0559_1970_num_83_1_2079.pdf?mode=light
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

    Volume (Year): 83 (1970)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 13-20

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_1970_num_83_1_2079

    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.1970.2079
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecoru

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