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Compromis institutionnels et hybridations entre recherche publique et recherche privée

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  • Maurice Cassier
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    Abstract

    [fre] Tandis que des travaux en économie de la science insistent sur la précarité des contrats de recherche entre l'université et l'industrie, en raison des asymétries d'information auxquelles ils sont soumis et de l'incompatibilité des systèmes d'incitation des deux types d'institutions, nous démontrons la possibilité d'établir des formules de compromis entre bien privé, bien collectif et bien public. Ce régime d'appropriation modérée, qui fait qu'une entreprise ne capte pas l'ensemble des résultats du contrat qu'elle finance, favorise le développement des stocks de connaissances et la croissance des externalités de la recherche. Plus généralement, l'organisation linéaire de la science et de la technologie, confinées dans des institutions séparées, cède le pas à des interactions récurrentes entre université et industrie, ainsi qu'à des intégrations verticales dans les différentes institutions. Dans ce contexte, les universités sont amenées à apprendre à utiliser les brevets comme des outils de réservation de leurs inventions et des outils de coordination avec les firmes. [eng] While studies in the economics of science emphasize the precariousness of research contracts between university and industry dues to asymetries of information and incompatibility of the incentive systems ofthe two types of institution, we show that it is possible to establish formulae of compromise between private goods, collective goods and public goods. This moderate appropriation regime, in which a firm does not capture all the results of a contract which it finances, favours the development of stocks of knowledge and the growth of research externalities. More generally the linear organization of science and technology, confined to separate institutions, is giving way to recurrent interaction between university and industry, as well as to vertical integration within the different institutions. In this context, universities have to learn to use patents as tools for protecting their inventions and co-ordinating their action with firms.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie industrielle.

    Volume (Year): 79 (1997)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 191-212

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_1997_num_79_1_1661

    Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.1997.1661
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rei

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    Cited by:
    1. Carayol, Nicolas, 2003. "Objectives, agreements and matching in science-industry collaborations: reassembling the pieces of the puzzle," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 887-908, June.
    2. Rachel Levy & Pascale Roux & Sandrine Wolff, 2009. "An analysis of science–industry collaborative patterns in a large European University," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, Springer, vol. 34(1), pages 1-23, February.

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