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Small firms and R&D spillovers : Evidence from Italy

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  • David B. Audretsch
  • Marco Vivarelli

Abstract

[fre] L'apparition dans la littérature consacrée à l'organisation industrielle, de nombreuses études montrant que les PME sont au moins aussi innovantes que les grandes firmes, conduit à une question quelque peu paradoxale. D'où les PME tirent elles les facteurs générateurs de savoir ? L'objet de cet article est de lier les inputs de l'innovation à ses outputs. Cette approche permet d'évaluer l'ampleur des retombées des principales sources de nouveaux savoirs, telles que les centres de R&D privés ou publics ou les universités, sur l'activité d'innovation des petites et grandes entreprises. Les données empiriques concernant 15 régions italiennes sur une période de neuf ans, montrent que tandis que les dépenses en R&D des entreprises contribuent à l'innovation de toutes les firmes, y compris les petites, les retombées issues de recherches universitaires sont plus importantes pour les PME innovatrices que pour les grandes entreprises. [eng] The recent emergence, in the industrial organization literature of a wave of studies identifying small firms as being at least as innovative as their larger counterparts poses something of a paradox. Where do small firms get their knowledge generating inputs ? The purpose of this paper is to link innovative inputs to innovative outputs. This allows one to identify the extent to which spillovers exist between major sources generating new knowledge, such as the R&D laboratories of private and public firms, as well as universities, to the innovative activity of large and small enterprises. Based on 15 Italian regions over a time period of nine years, the empirical evidence suggests that, while firm R&D expenditures contribute to the generation of innovative output both for all firms and for small firms, the spillovers from universities are apparently more important for small-firm innovation than for their larger counterparts.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rei.1994.1520
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie industrielle.

Volume (Year): 67 (1994)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 225-237

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Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_1994_num_67_1_1520

Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.1994.1520
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rei

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Cited by:
  1. Mohnen,Pierre & Hoareau,Cathy, 2002. "What type of enterprise forges close links with universities and government labs? Evidence from CIS2," Research Memorandum 009, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  2. Cathy Hoareau & Pierre Mohnen, 2002. "What Type Of Enterprise Forges Close Links With Universities And Government Labs? Evidence From CIS 2," CIRANO Working Papers 2002s-25, CIRANO.
  3. Sam Tavassoli & Nunzia Carbonara, 2013. "The Role of Knowledge Variety and Intensity for Regional Innovative Capability - Swedish evidence," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1317, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Oct 2013.
  4. Claudia Burgio-Ficca & Hristos Doucouliagos, 2006. "Substitution and Complementarity in the Creation and Communication of Australian University Research," Economics Series 2006_19, Deakin University, Faculty of Business and Law, School of Accounting, Economics and Finance.
  5. Mark Rogers, 2000. "Understanding Innovative Firms: An Empirical Analysis of the GAPS," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2000n08, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
  6. Mario Pianta & Andrea Vaona, 2006. "Firm size and Innovation in European Manufacturing," Kiel Working Papers 1284, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  7. Harabi, Najib, 1995. "Channels of R&D Spillovers: An Empirical Investigation," MPRA Paper 26270, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Alex Hoen, 2001. "Clusters: Determinants and Effects," CPB Memorandum 17, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  9. Raquel Ortega-Argilés & Marco Vivarelli & Peter Voigt, 2009. "R&D in SMEs: a paradox?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 3-11, June.
  10. Peaucelle, Irina, 1998. "Firms innovation activity and patenting : Russian case in mind," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 9809, CEPREMAP.
  11. Natário, Maria Manuela & Almeida Couto, João Pedro & Couto de Sousa, Maura Helena, 2012. "Innovation Processes of SMEs in Less Favoured Municipalities of Portugal," Investigaciones Regionales, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 22, pages 81-103.

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