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Milieu rural et radicalisme politique : l'évolution contrastée de la Corrèze et de la Franconie (de la fin du XIXe siècle aux années 1930)

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  • Manfred Kittel
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    Abstract

    [fre] Résumé . Le succès du parti nazi dans les années 1932/33 est le plus souvent interprété comme un « soulèvement de la "province" » (D. Peukert) - en particulier du monde rural protestant. À l'inverse, le fait qu'une partie importante de la population rurale française vote traditionnellement, à la même époque, pour les partis de gauche - contrairement à l'Allemagne - pourrait être l'un des éléments d'explication de la victoire en France (pays tout aussi touché par la crise économique mondiale) du Front populaire, en mai 1936, alors que le pays était, à sa manière, tout aussi frappé par la crise économique mondiale que l'Allemagne. L'article qui suit s'efforce de développer la problématique du contraste entre la France et l'Allemagne rurales durant l'entre-deux-guerres en amorçant une comparaison entre mentalités et structures politiques pour expliquer les préférences électorales respectives dans les deux pays. [eng] Abstract . The success of the Nazi Party in Germany is often interpreted as an "uprising of the province" (D. Peukert) - above all of the Protestant rural population. Conversely one of the key elements of the victory of the Front populaire in France in May 1936 could be linked to the traditional vote for the Left in most of French rural population. Both countries were weakened by a severe economical crisis but their opposite political evolution has to be analyzed in a systematic comparison of mentalities and political structures in order to explain why Germany tended to the radical right and France to the (radical) Left.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/hes.2006.2610
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/hes_0752-5702_2006_num_25_3_2610/hes_0752-5702_2006_num_25_3_2610.pdf?mode=light
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Histoire, économie et société.

    Volume (Year): 25 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 401-410

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:hiseco:hes_0752-5702_2006_num_25_3_2610

    Note: DOI:10.3406/hes.2006.2610
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/hes

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