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Géographie de la Fonction publique d'État : à chaque ministère sa logique

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  • Monique Meron
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    Abstract

    [fre] Un million de salariés travaillent à l'Education nationale, soit près de la moitié des personnels des services civils de l'Etat. La Fonction publique d'Etat n'est, globalement, pas plus centralisée que l'ensemble des emplois en France. Paris et sa région ont même tendance à perdre de leur importance relative face aux grandes villes de province. Cependant, la géographie des petits ministères reste très concentrée. . Les enseignants de l'Etat sont un peu moins représentés dans l'ouest où l'enseignement privé sous contrat occupe une grande place. Les agents des postes et télécommunications sont plus nombreux dans le sud ; ceux du minstère de l'intérieur et de la justice se trouvent plutôt dans les villes alors que les services de l'équipement et de l'agriculture sont souvent implantés en zone rurale. . En dix ans, les effectifs de l'Etat ont augmenté de 1 3 % (11 % si on inclut le ministère de la défense). Cependant, le travail à temps partiel a doublé, et concerne 1 1 % des emplois. Les femmes sont devenues majoritaires, et 89 % des salariés de l'Etat sont fonctionnaires en 1986, contre 81 % en 1976. La part de l'encadrement supérieur et des professeurs s'est également accrue, passant de 25 % à 28 %. [eng] The Geographical Distribution of the National Civil Service. Each Ministry has its Own Internal Logic - A million people work for the Department of Education, that is, half the staff of the national civil service. On the whole, the national civil service is not more centralized than most other jobs in France. Paris and its region even tend to lose their relative numerical superiority to large provincial towns. However, the geographical distribution of the smaller ministries remains highly concentrated. Compared to the rest of the country, there are slightly fewer teachers employed by the government in the west of France where there is a large number of private schools under state control. Post and telecommunication employees are more numerous in the south. Those working for the Ministry of the Interior or the Ministry of Justice are located mostly in the cities, whereas those working for the Ministry of Equipment and Agriculture are often based in rural areas. . In ten years, the number of national government employees has risen by 13% (11% if the Ministry of Defense is included). However, part-time work has doubled and now constitutes 1 1 % of the jobs. Women have become the majority and 89% of the workers employed by the national government were civil servants in 1 986 against 81% in 1976. The percentage of high-ranking executives and of teachers has also increased, rising from 25 to 28%. [spa] Geografía de la función pública del Estado ? A cada ministerio corresponde su propia lógica - Un millón de asalariados dependen del ministerio de Educación, o sea cerca de la mitad del personal de servicios civiles del Estado. La función pública estatal no es, globalmente, más centralizada que le conjunto de los empleos en Francia. Paris y su region tienen tendencia incluso a perder su importancia relativa frente a las grandes ciudades de provincia. Sin embargo, "la geografía" de los pequenos ministerios sigue siendo muy concentrada. . Los docentes del Estado son un poco menos representativos en el oeste en donde la ensenanza privada mediante contrato ocupa un lugar importante. Los empleados de Correos y Telecomunicaciones son más numerosos en el Sud, los del Ministerio del Interior y de Justicia se encuentran, sobre todo, en las ciudades mientras que los servicios de equipamiento y de agricultura se hallan implantados frecuentemente en zonas rurales. . En diez años, los efectivos del personal estatal aumentaron un 13% (11% si se incluye el Ministerio de Defensa). No obstante, el trabajo a tiempo parcial duplicó y este atane a un 11 % de los empleos. Las mujeres son ahora mayoritarias y un 89% de los asalariados estatales eran funcionarios en 1986 contra un 81 % en 1976. El porcentaje de mandos superiores se acrecentó igualmente, pasando de un 25 a un 28%.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/estat.1989.5334
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

    Volume (Year): 222 (1989)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 27-35

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1989_num_222_1_5334

    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1989.5334
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/estat

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