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L'emploi dans le commerce de 1962 à 1986 : rupture en 1968 et 1982

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  • Jean Albert
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    Abstract

    [fre] L'emploi dans le commerce représente près de 12 % de l'emploi total, et près de la moitié de l'emploi industriel. Depuis le début des années soixante, la part de la main- d'œuvre féminine progresse, comme celle du salariat. Cependant, le commerce de gros reste le lieu d'une forte présence masculine, tandis que les chefs d'entreprise sont encore nombreux dans le commerce de détail. . Depuis vingt-cinq ans, l'emploi dans le commerce a évolué de manière assez particulière. Sa croissance s'est sensiblement ralentie après 1968, mais pas après le premier choc pétrolier. Ce n'est qu'à partir de 1982 qu'une nouvelle rupture s'est produite. [eng] Employment in trade from 1962 to 1986 : rupture in 1968 and 1982 - Employment in trade represents nearly 12 % of total employment and nearly half of industrial employment. Since the beginning of the 1960s, the proportion of the feminine labor force has progressed, as has that of the salaried class. Wholesale trade, however, has remained a masculine stronghold, while company managers are still more numerous in retail trade. . For twenty-five years, employment in trade has evoled in a particular way. Its growth slowed considerably after 1 968, but not after the first oil shock. It was only starting in 1982 that a new rupture occurred. [spa] Empleo en el comercio desde 1962 a 1986 : ruptura en 1968 y 1982 - El empleo en el comercio representa más del 12 % del empleo total, y casi la mitad del empleo industrial. Desde principios de los años del sesenta, la porción de fuerza laboral femenina va progresando asi como la del asalariado. No obstante, el comercio por mayor permanece con elevada presencia masculina, mientras que los empresarios son todavia muchos en el comercio por menor. . De veinticinco anos acá, el empleo en el comercio evolucionó de manera bastante peculiar. Su incremento ralentizó notablemente después de 1968, pero no después de la primera crisis petrolera. Fue tan solo a partir de 1982 que se produjo una nueva ruptura.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/estat.1987.5058
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/estat_0336-1454_1987_num_196_1_5058/estat_0336-1454_1987_num_196_1_5058.pdf?mode=light
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

    Volume (Year): 196 (1987)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 45-53

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1987_num_196_1_5058

    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1987.5058
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/estat

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