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Les comptes de la Nation en 1980

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  • Michel Boëda
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    Abstract

    [fre] L'année 1980 est marquée, pour la France comme pour l'économie mondiale, par un retournement à la baisse, consécutif à la forte augmentation du prix du pétrole tout au long de l'année 1979. Moins brutal qu'en 1974-1975, le processus récessif paraît cependant plus tenace. Entre ces deux dates, des différences de réactions apparaissent, préparées par l'adaptation à la croissance lente caractéristique de la période quinquennale qui les sépare. Les ménages maintiennent un certain niveau de consommation au détriment de leur taux d'épargne, les entreprises semblent modifier leurs comportements de déclassement de leurs équipements. La compétitivité industrielle de la France s'en ressent, notamment sur le marché intérieur. [eng] The National Accounts of 1980 - The year 1980 was characterized — in France as worldwide — by a reversal of trends leading to sluggish growth due to the sharp increases in oil costs throughout 1979. Although less severe than in 1974-1975, the current recession seems, nevertheless, to be more persistant. The reaction to the crisis of 1979 was different than that of 1974, due to the gradual adaptation to the low growth typical of the period. Households maintained a certain level of consumption at the expense of their rate of savings, while firms generally changed their policies of equipment replacement. This had a negative effect upon the industrial competitiveness of France, especially in the domestic market. [spa] Las cuentas nacionales del ano 1980 - El año 1980 se señala, para Francia así como respecto a la economia mundial, por una vuelta a la baja, a raiz de la considerable alza de los precios petroleros a lo largo del año 1979. El proceso recesivo, si bien se verifica menos potente que en 1974-1979 parece, no obstante, más tenaz. Entre ambas fechas, aparecen desemejanzas entre las reacciones que se manifiestan, preparadas por la adaptación al lento crecimiento característico del quinquenio que las separa. Los hogares siguen manteniendo cierto nivel de consumo en perjuicio de su tasa de ahorros, las empresas modifican, al parecer, sus comportamientos de desclasificación de sus equipos. La competitividad de Francia se resiente de ello, mayormente con relación al mercado interior.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/estat.1981.4512
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/estat_0336-1454_1981_num_135_1_4512/estat_0336-1454_1981_num_135_1_4512.pdf?mode=light
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

    Volume (Year): 135 (1981)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 41-57

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1981_num_135_1_4512

    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1981.4512
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/estat

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