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Les dépenses publiques françaises depuis un siècle

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  • Christine André
  • Robert Delorme
  • Guy Terny

Abstract

[fre] Les dépenses publiques françaises depuis un siècle par Christine ANDRÉ, Robert DELORME et Guy TERNY . Les études d'économie publique sont surtout axées sur des réflexions normatives sur l'activité de l'État : définition du champ de ces activités, optimisation des choix budgétaires. Il existe peu de description chiffrée des dépenses publiques. Une équipe du C.E.P.R.E.M.A.P. a entrepris le dépouillement des documents budgétaires français entre 1872 et 1968, et la constitution de séries longues de ces dépenses, ventilées en dix fonctions. . Pendant cette période, la part des dépenses publiques dans le revenu national a beaucoup augmenté, mais cette évolution n'a pas été continue. Les deux guerres mondiales ont vu chacune un brusque accroissement de cette part, découpant ainsi trois périodes bien distinctes, à l'intérieur desquelles cette croissance n'est pas le phénomène marquant. . Par ailleurs, les dépenses étatiques se sont beaucoup diversifiées : constituées essentiellement il y a un siècle par les frais de défense, le fonctionnement des pouvoirs publics et le service de la dette, elles sont maintenant très réparties entre ces anciennes formes de dépenses et de nou- velles : éducation» action sociale, action économique. [eng] A century of French public spending by Christine ANDRÉ, Robert DELORME and Guy TERNY . Political economy has mainly attempted to establish norms concerning the State's activities : definition of their field, optimalization of budgetary choices. Few figures describing public spending have been published. A C.E.P.R.E.M.A.P. team has undertaken the processing of all French budgetary documents between 1872 and 1968. They have then made up long series, distributing this type of spending according to ten State functions. . Within this period, the share of public spending in the national income has greatly increased. However this evolution has not been continuous. An abrupt increase has been registered during both World Wars. With these as a limit, three distinct periods appear, for which the increase Is not extremely meaningful. . The object of State spending has been greatly diversified : orignally made up of the army, the administration and the debt, it now includes, education, welfare, and economic policy. [spa] Los gastos públicos en Francia de un siglo acá por Christine ANDRÉ, Robert DELORME y Guy TERNY. Los estudios de economía pública estriban, mayormente, en reflexiones normativas sobre la actividad estatal : deflniciôn del campo de actividades, optimazación de los escogimientos presupestarios. Existen pocas descripeiones cifradas de los gastos públicos. Un equipo del « Centre d'études et de programmation pour la recherche et les études mathématiques appliquées, à la planification » (Centro de estudios y de programación para la indagación y los estudios matemáticos aplicados a la planificación) ha emprendido la depuración de los documentos presupuestarios franceses entre los anos 1872 y 1968 asf como la realización de series largas de los antecitados gastos, distribuídos en diez funciones. . Durante el antecitado período, el renglón de gastos públicos en la renta nacional se ha incrementado mucho, mas esta evolución no ha sido continua. Cada una de ambas guerras mundiales determinó un brusco incremento de los gastos públicos, delimitando así très períodos muy distintos al interior de los cuales este incremento no constituye el fenómeno que más llama la atención.. Por demás, los gastos estatales se han diversificado mucho : constituídos un siglo atrás mayormente por los gastos de defensa, el funcionamiento de los poderes públicos y el servicio de la Deuda, están hoy dia esparcidos entre esas antiguas formas de gastos y las nuevas formas, o sea : ensenanza, acción social, acción aconómica.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/estat.1973.1312
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

Volume (Year): 43 (1973)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 3-14

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1973_num_43_1_1312

Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1973.1312
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/estat

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