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Agriculture et environnement : une évaluation de la performance technique et environnementale d'exploitations laitières

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  • Monique Le Moing
  • Isabelle Piot-Lepetit
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    Abstract

    [fre] L'utilisation d'intrants de manière inefficace demeure l'une des principales causes de la pollution. L'approche Data Envelopment Analysis qui permet la définition d'une frontière de meilleure pratique et l'évaluation de la distance séparant chaque observation de cette référence empirique, est utilisée pour mesurer les potentialités de réduction des facteurs de production variables, en particulier de la charge d'engrais mais aussi du volume des déjections animales d'un ensemble d'exploitations laitières de Bretagne et des Pays de la Loire en 1997. Une étude statistique non paramétrique permet ensuite de caractériser les exploitations les plus performantes tant sur un plan technique que sur un plan environnemental. [eng] Agriculture and Environment: An Assessment of Dairy Farms' Technical and Environmental . Performance by Isabelle Piot-Lepetit and Monique Le Moing . Inefficient use of inputs remains one of main causes of pollution. Data envelopment analysis, which sets a best-practice frontier and evaluates the distance between each observation and this empirical benchmark, is used to measure the potential for reducing variable inputs, in particular the quantity of fertiliser and the volume of animal manure, on a set of dairy farms in Brittany and the Loire valley in 1997. A non-parametric statistical study is then used to identify the farms which are most efficient in technical and environmental terms.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

    Volume (Year): 143 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 201-211

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2000_num_143_2_6102

    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2000.6102
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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