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Transferts fiscaux, répartition du revenu et équilibre des emplois de service

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  • Didier Blanchet

Abstract

[ger] Steuertransfers, Einkommensverteilung und Gleichgewicht der Beschâftigungen im Haushalt, . von Didier Blanchet.. . In diesem Artikel wird ein Modell vorgeschlagen, das das Gleichgewicht der Beschäftigungen im Haushalt und seine Beziehung zum Transfersystem beschreibt. Erläutert wird anhand eines disaggregierten mikroökonomischen Modells die Wechselwirkung zwischen dem Angebot an solchen Diensten und der Nachfrage nach ihnen: Modell der sektoralen Allokation auf der Angebotsseite, die durch die Unterschiede bei der individuellen Produktivität im wichtigsten Sektor erklärt wird, sowie Arbitration zwischen der Beschäftigung im Haushalt und der marktbestimmten Tätigkeit auf der Nachfrageseite. Der Artikel beschreibt den Aufbau eines solchen Modells und präsentiert einige einfache analytische Ergebnisse. [spa] El ángulo salarial en Francia desde 1970, . por Yannick L'Horty, Renaud Méary, Nicolas Sobczak.. . El ángulo salarial representa la diferencia entre el coste del trabajo real que sufraga el empleador y el poder adquisitivo del salario neto, libre de toda retención. Dépende del peso de las retenciones sociales y fiscales y también de las relaciones de intercambio, que relacionan los precios con el consumo, que tanto interesan a los asalariados, con los precios de producción, que consideran los empleadores. Desde el principio de los años setenta, el ángulo salarial medido de esa manera ha aumentado notablemente en Francia ; en 1970, el coste del trabajo representaba aproximadamente 1,9 veces el salario libre de toda retención ; en 1993, este valor asciende a 2,3. Este aumento es el resultado, en lo esencial, del de las cotizaciones sociales. Si el incremento del ángulo salarial puede contribuir a explicar la subida del paro, la evolución de su progresividad se habría orientado hacía una dirección más ambigua. [eng] Tax Transfers, Income Distribution and Service- Job Equilibrium, . by Didier Blanchet.. . This article proposes a model describing the equilibrium of vicinity jobs and its connection with the transfer system. A disintegrated macroeconomic model describes the interaction between the supply of and demand for these services: a model of supply-side sectorial allocation explained by individual productivity differences in the leading sector, and demand-side domestic work/market work decisions. The article presents the architecture of such a model along with a few simple analytical results. [fre] Transferts fiscaux, répartition du revenu et équilibre des emplois de service, . par Didier Blanchet.. . Cet article propose un modèle décrivant l'équilibre des emplois de proximité et son articulation avec le système de transferts. Un modèle micro-économique désagrégé décrit l'interaction entre l'offre et la demande de ces services : modèle d'allocation sectorielle côté offre, expliquée par les différences de productivité individuelle dans le secteur principal, arbitrage travail domestique/travail marchand du côté demande. L'article présente l'architecture d'un tel modèle et quelques résultats analytiques simples.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 115 (1994)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 85-91

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1994_num_115_4_5687

Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1994.5687
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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Cited by:
  1. Flipo, Anne & Fougère, Denis & Olier, Lucile, 2004. "Is the Household Demand for In-Home Services Sensitive to Tax Reductions? The French Case," IZA Discussion Papers 1392, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Didier Blanchet, 1995. "Inégalité, spécialisation, progrès technique et développement de services non qualifiés locaux," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 120(4), pages 1-13.

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