Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Costo laboral y competitividad en el sector manufacturero de América Latina, 1990-1998


Author Info

  • Víctor E. Tokman

    (Director del Programa Regional del Empleo para América Latina y el Caribe.)

  • Daniel Martínez

    (Oficina Regional para las Américas de la OIT.)

Registered author(s):


    In this paper the reduction of labor costs is examined as a factor that contributes to increase the competitiveness of manufacturing firms. It first reviews non-wage labor costs in the case of workers with indefinite labor contracts, workers with temporary contracts, and those non-registered, with the intention of showing the differences that exist in non-wage labor costs according to the type of contract or the quality of non-registered of the workers, as well as the impact of these differences on the labor costs of each type and on the average cost. It then examines the evolution of labor costs in manufacturing, and how their magnitude varies depending on the deflator that is used, given the change in relative prices that accompanied the first years of the processes of economic and commercial liberalization in the region. It then analyzes the evolution of labor costs in manufacturing according to the type of contract, as well as the changes in the average labor cost in manufacturing that resulted from the strategy of both reducing non-wage labor costs and modifying the structure of employment by type of contract; the impact of exchange rate overvaluation on the average labor cost and competitiveness is described, and estimates the possible evolution of competitiveness in the absence of the exchange overvaluation. Finally, come suggestions seeking labor competitiveness in the countries of the region are made.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú in its journal Revista Economía.

    Volume (Year): (2001)
    Issue (Month): 48 ()
    Pages: 75-106

    as in new window
    Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucrev:y:2001:i:48:p:75-106

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Av. Universitaria 1801, San Miguel, Lima, Perú
    Phone: (511) 626-2000 ext. 4950, 4951
    Fax: (511) 626-2874
    Web page:
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research



    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.



    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.


    Access and download statistics


    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pcp:pucrev:y:2001:i:48:p:75-106. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Stephan Gruber).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.