Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

Pounding Millet During School Hours: Obstacles to Girls’ Formal Education in Niger

Contents:

Author Info

  • Lori Hartmann-Mahmud

    ()
    (Centre College, International Studies, Danville, Kentucky.)

Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    Based on in-depth interviews with Nigerien women, this article demonstrates that while they value formal schooling for their girls, they are discouraged by the incompatibility between boko (formal schooling) and the important values transmitted by tarbiyya (education in the home) and mahamadiya (Islamic education). I argue that these tensions arise from a system of education that is not rooted in context. In the colonial era, education was a means of assimilation to the colonizer's values. More recently, neocolonial education projects serve the development theory of the moment and they tend to emphasize increased enrollment for girls without focusing on quality and content of that education. While the system imparts important skills such as literacy and numeracy, the more intrinsic goals of education such as empowerment and identity formation are not emphasized because, I argue, formal education does not reflect the social, cultural, religious and material context of most Nigeriens’ everyday lives. The ideas about educational reform, in Niger and in other Muslim countries, show that boko is not inherently incompatible with tarbiyya and mahamadiya, and that intrinsic goals of education can be met only by reconciling them.S’appuyant sur des entretiens approfondis avec des femmes nigériennes, cet article montre que ces dernières attachent bien de l’importance à l’éducation formelle de leur filles, mais qu’elles sont découragées par l’incompatibilité entre boko (l’instruction formelle), et les valeurs importantes transmises par tarbiyya (l’éducation familiale) et mahamadiya (l’éducation islamique). Je soutiens que ces tensions sont dues au fait que le système d’éducation est trop peu contextualisé. Pendant la période coloniale l’éducation était un outil d’assimilation des valeurs colonisatrices. De nos jours, les projets éducationnels néo-coloniaux sont mis au service de la théorie du développement du moment et tendent à mettre l’accent sur la scolarisation des filles sans se préoccuper de la qualité et du contenu de l’enseignement dispensé. Si le système permet de transmettre des compétences importantes telles que la lecture, l’écriture et le calcul, il met peu l’accent sur les buts intrinsèques de l’éducation tels que l’autonomisation et la construction identitaire. Ceci est dû au fait que l’éducation formelle ne reflète pas le contexte social, culturel, religieux et matériel de la vie quotidienne de la plupart des Nigériens. Les réflexions courantes à propos de la réforme éducationnelle, tant au Niger que dans d’autres pays musulmans, suggèrent que boko n’est pas en soi incompatible avec tarbiyya et mahamadiya et que les buts intrinsèques de l’éducation ne peuvent être atteints qu’en conciliant ces trois formes.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://www.palgrave-journals.com/ejdr/journal/v23/n3/pdf/ejdr20116a.pdf
    File Function: Link to full text PDF
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    File URL: http://www.palgrave-journals.com/ejdr/journal/v23/n3/full/ejdr20116a.html
    File Function: Link to full text HTML
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan in its journal European Journal of Development Research.

    Volume (Year): 23 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 3 (July)
    Pages: 354-370

    as in new window
    Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:23:y:2011:i:3:p:354-370

    Contact details of provider:
    Web page: http://www.palgrave-journals.com/

    Order Information:
    Postal: Palgrave Macmillan Journals, Subscription Department, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 6XS, UK
    Email:
    Web: http://www.palgrave-journals.com/pal/subscribe/index.html

    Related research

    Keywords:

    References

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:23:y:2011:i:3:p:354-370. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Elizabeth Gale).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.