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Pauvreté au Libéria : Niveau, profil, et corrélats en 2007/Poverty in Liberia: Level, Profile, and Correlates in 2007

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  • Backiny-Yetna
  • Quentin Wodon
  • Rose Mungai
  • Clarence Tsimpo

Abstract

Afin de préparer la Stratégie de Réduction de la Pauvreté du Liberia, une enquête sur les indicateurs essentiels du bien-être a été réalisée par l’Institut des Statistiques et des Services Géo-Informationnels du Liberia. Cet article s’appuie sur cette enquête pour estimer le niveau de pauvreté et de vulnérabilité dans le pays, fournir un profil de la pauvreté, et analyser les corrélats de la consommation et de la pauvreté au niveau des ménages. On estime qu’un peu moins des deux tiers de la population (63,8 pour-cent) se trouvent en situation de pauvreté. Si les tendances de croissance observées récemment se maintiennent, la pauvreté pourrait être réduite de manière significative d’ici 2015. En termes de profil et corrélats de la pauvreté, comme on pouvait s’y attendre, les niveaux de consommation et la probabilité d’être pauvre varient de manière significative entre les ménages en fonction des caractéristiques telles que la situation géographique, le niveau d’éducation et l’emploi du chef du ménage ou de l’épouse, et la taille du ménage. To help prepare Liberia’s poverty reduction strategy, a CWIQ (Core Welfare Indicator Questionnaire) household survey was conducted by the Liberia Institute of Statistics and Geo-Informational Services. This article is based on an analysis of this survey to estimate the level of poverty and vulnerability in the country, provide a profile of poverty, and analyze the correlates of consumption and poverty at the household level. It is estimated that slightly less than two-thirds of the population (63.8 percent) are living in poverty. If the growth trend observed recently were to continue, poverty could be reduced significantly by 2015. In terms of the profile and correlates of poverty, as might be expected, consumption levels and the probability of being poor vary significantly according to household characteristics such as geographical location, the level of education and the employment of the household head or the spouse, and the size of the household.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Association Africaine pour les Sciences sociales in its journal Perspective Afrique.

Volume (Year): 5 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1-3 ()
Pages: 1-33

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Handle: RePEc:paf:journl:v:5:y:2010:i:1-3:p:1-33

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Keywords: Poverty; Liberia;

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