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Impact de la crise économique en République Centrafricaine: Analyse quantitative et qualitative / Impact of the Economic Crisis in the Central African Republic: Quantitative and Qualitative analyses

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  • Léa Salmon
  • Josias Tebero
  • Quentin Wodon

Abstract

Cet article analyse l'impact de la crise économique sur la situation des ménages en République centrafricaine en se basant sur une analyse quantitative de la dernière enquête auprès des ménages et une analyse qualitative basée sur des données provenant de groupes de discussion. Trois principales conclusions émergent de l'analyse quantitative. Premièrement, l'impact de la hausse des prix des denrées alimentaires devrait avoir eu un impact limité sur la plupart des ménages, essentiellement parce qu'une bonne partie de la population ne consomme pas de quantités importantes des denrées dont les prix ont augmenté sur les marchés mondiaux. Deuxièmement, la majorité des ménages a tendance à être affectée par une grande variété de chocs. Troisièmement, les mécanismes de solidarité sur lesquels les ménages peuvent compter pour faire face aux chocs sont limités. L’analyse qualitative révèle une image un peu différente puisque les groupes de discussion suggèrent que la crise a eu un impact négatif important sur eux. Les mauvaises conditions climatiques ont aussi joué un rôle dans la détérioration des conditions de vie des ménages. Les groupes de discussion confirment la faiblesse des mécanismes de solidarité sur lesquels les ménages pouvaient compter en cas de choc. Ainsi, si l'impact de la crise sur la population a été moins important en comparaison à d’autres pays, en raison de l’isolement relatif de la RCA des marchés mondiaux, il a tout de même été significatif. This article analyses the impact of the economic crisis (including the increase in food prices) on the well-being of household in the Central African Republic, relying on both a quantitative analysis of the latest household survey available and a qualitative analysis through focus groups. Three main conclusions emerge from the quantitative analysis. First, the impact of the increase in international food prices may have been more limited for most households due to the fact that a large share of the population does not consume imported foods or immediate substitutes. Second, a majority of households are affected by a wide variety of shocks. Third, the mechanisms of solidarity on which household can rely to cope with such shocks are limited. The qualitative analysis suggests a slightly different picture since participants in focus groups suggest that the crisis had a strong negative impact on them. This is especially the case for public sector workers, those in export industries and craftsmen and retailers. Poor climatic conditions also played a role in the deterioration of living standards. The focus groups confirm the lack of sufficient mechanisms of solidarity to help households cope with shocks. Thus, if the impact of the crisis on the population may have been smaller than in other countries owing to the relative isolation of the CAR from world markets, for those households that were affected by the crisis, the negative impact was still significant.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Association Africaine pour les Sciences sociales in its journal Perspective Afrique.

Volume (Year): 5 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1-3 ()
Pages: 1-26

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Handle: RePEc:paf:journl:v:5:y:2010:i:1-3:p:1-26

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Keywords: Poverty; economic crisis; Central African Republic;

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