Juridical Aspects Regarding The Implementation Of The Project “Rosia Montanã”
AbstractIn the past decades, the number of sources of pollution has increased and their consequences on the lives of humans, plants, and animals are ever more alarming. Numerous personalities in the entire world draw the attention on the present unprecedented aggression against the environment. Romania, which, from January 1st, 2007 is a member of the European Union, faces serious environmental problems. The promises related to investments for fighting pollution and for protecting the environment have not been kept, on the contrary, the projects suggested by the various investors present the risk of polluting the air, the water, and the soil, endangering human life and health. One of these projects is Rosia Montanã, which, through its objectives, its special scope, as well as through its potentially negative impact on the environment, contravenes to the national, communitarian, and international principles and regulations that govern environmental law. Moreover, the type of organization adopted by the Rosia Montanã Gold Corporation implies significant risks, providing insubstantial financial guarantees. This joint-stock company, created in 1995, has as its main activity objective the implementation of a single project with an uncertain purpose: the extraction and process of the auriferous and argentiferous minerals of the Western Carpathians. Since it will not initiate any other activities, this society has little credibility on its specific market and does not comply with the international practices in the field of environmental law. Although this project also includes a series of positive aspects, knowledge of the severe consequences on the environment has determined numerous protests against the Rosia Montanã Gold Corporation project. In this sense, the following institutions have presented their opinions, together with scientific arguments: The Romanian Academy, The Holy Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church, The Ecological university of Bucharest, as well as a number of scientific and cultural associations and organizations. This way, a consensus was formed of all the personalities and institutions that understand the importance of a healthy natural environment for the preservation of life on earth in defining the project as disastrous and catastrophic, not only for Rosia Montanã, but also for its surroundings.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Ovidius University of Constantza, Faculty of Economic Sciences in its journal Ovidius University Annals, Economic Sciences Series.
Volume (Year): X (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 (May)
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Web page: http://www.univ-ovidius.ro/facultatea-de-stiinte-economice
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Rosia Montanã; sustainable development; environmental quality; rational usage of the resources;
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