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Export Processing Zones: The Economics of Enclave Manufacturing

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  • Warr, Peter G

Abstract

Export processing zones (EPZs) are economic enclaves within which manufacturing for export occurs under virtual free trade conditions. Many developing countries have established EPZs in hopes of reaping economic gains through employment, foreign exchange earnings, and technology transfer. This article studies the benefits and costs of EPZs in Indonesia, the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, and the Philippines and reviews the relationship between the welfare effects of EPZs and the host country's economic policies. When the domestic economy is distorted, the EPZ confers limited welfare gains. Nevertheless, EPZs are far from the "engines of development" that some countries had initially hoped they would become. Copyright 1989 by Oxford University Press.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by World Bank Group in its journal World Bank Research Observer.

Volume (Year): 4 (1989)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 65-88

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Handle: RePEc:oup:wbrobs:v:4:y:1989:i:1:p:65-88

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Cited by:
  1. Jayanthakumaran, Kankesu & Lee, Shao-Wei, 2007. "An initial push for successful transition from import substitution to export-orientation in Taiwan and China: The FDI-led hypothesis," Economics Working Papers wp07-03, School of Economics, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia.
  2. Nathaniel Landingin & David Wadley, 2005. "Export processing zones and growth triangle development: the case of the BIMP-EAGA, Southeast Asia," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(1), pages 67-96.
  3. Kazuhiro Tetsu, 2006. "Regional development and rural-based export processing zones in developing countries," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(3), pages 369-383.
  4. Rojid Sawkut & Sannassee Vinesh & Fowdar Sooraj, 2009. "The net contribution of the Mauritian export processing zone using benefit-cost analysis," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(3), pages 379-392.
  5. K. Jayanthakumaran & John Weiss, 1997. "Export Processing Zones in Sri Lanka: A Cost-Benefit Appraisal," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 9(5), pages 727-737.
  6. Cling, Jean-Pierre & Razafindrakoto, Mireille & Roubaud, Francois, 2005. "Export processing zones in Madagascar: a success story under threat?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 785-803, May.
  7. Johansson, Helena & Nilsson, Lars, 1997. "Export processing zones as catalysts," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(12), pages 2115-2128, December.
  8. Zee, Howell H. & Stotsky, Janet G. & Ley, Eduardo, 2002. "Tax Incentives for Business Investment: A Primer for Policy Makers in Developing Countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(9), pages 1497-1516, September.
  9. Hill, Hal, 2001. "Technology and Innovation in Developing East Asia: An interpretive Survey," Departmental Working Papers 2001-11, The Australian National University, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics.
  10. Jayanthakumaran, Kankesu, 2002. "An Overview of Export Processing Zones: Selected Asian Countries," Economics Working Papers wp02-03, School of Economics, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia.
  11. Rasiah, Rajah, 2003. "Foreign ownership, technology and electronics exports from Malaysia and Thailand," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(5), pages 785-811, October.

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