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Increasing returns: evidence from local wage rates in Great Britain

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  • Bernard Fingleton

Abstract

This paper shows that wage rate variations among local areas of Great Britain are significantly positively related to employment density, and argues that this is due to the presence of increasing returns deriving from more varied producer services in denser areas, controlling for the effect on wages of good access to an efficient workforce, either locally or as a result of in-commuting. The higher wages in Greater London in particular are seen to be linked to increasing returns and enhanced worker efficiency, although other central city areas show similar influences to a lesser degree, with in-commuting a significant factor. Copyright 2003, Oxford University Press.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Oxford University Press in its journal Oxford Economic Papers.

Volume (Year): 55 (2003)
Issue (Month): 4 (October)
Pages: 716-739

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Handle: RePEc:oup:oxecpp:v:55:y:2003:i:4:p:716-739

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Cited by:
  1. Bernard FINGLETON & Silvia PALOMBI, 2013. "The Wage Curve Reconsidered: Is It Truly An 'Empirical Law Of Economics'?," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 38, pages 49-92.
  2. Patricia Rice & Anthony J. Venables, 2004. "Spatial Determinants of Productivity: Analysis for the Regions of Great Britain," CEP Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE dp0642, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  3. Le Gallo, Julie & Fingleton, Bernard, 2012. "Measurement errors in a spatial context," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 42(1-2), pages 114-125.
  4. Klaesson, Johan & Larsson, Hanna, 2009. "Wages, Productivity and Industry Composition – agglomeration economies in Swedish regions," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies 203, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  5. Daniel J. Graham & Patricia C. Melo, 2009. "Agglomeration Economies and Labour Productivity: Evidence from Longitudinal Worker Data for GBs Travel-to-Work Areas," SERC Discussion Papers, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE 0031, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
  6. Nejla BEN ARFA & Karine DANIEL & Fanny FONTAINE, 2013. "Agri-Food Clusters: Is French Policy In Line With Real Spatial Dynamics?," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 38, pages 249-274.
  7. Marian Rizov & Patrick Paul Walsh, 2009. "Is there a rural-urban divide? Location and Productivity of UK manufacturing," Working Papers, Geary Institute, University College Dublin 200927, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
  8. Herrera Gómez, Marcos & Ruiz Marín, Manuel & Mur Lacambra, Jesús, 2013. "Detecting dependence between spatial processes," MPRA Paper 43861, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Sylvain Barde, 2008. "The spatial structure of French wages: Investigating the robustness of two-stage least squares estimations of spatial autoregressive models," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE) 2008-03, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  10. Bernard Fingleton, 2005. "Towards applied geographical economics: modelling relative wage rates, incomes and prices for the regions of Great Britain," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(21), pages 2417-2428.
  11. Patacchini, Eleonora & Rice, Patricia, 2005. "Geography and economic performance: exploratory spatial data analysis for Great Britain," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton 0602, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
  12. Escobar Gamboa, Octavio Romano, 2009. "IDE entrants, exportations et productivité manufacturière : les différentes performances des régions mexicaines," Economics Thesis from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University, Paris Dauphine University, number 123456789/3850 edited by Guillochon, Bernard.
  13. Dingsheng Zhang & Wenli Cheng & Yew-Kwang Ng, 2012. "Increasing Returns, Land Use Controls and Housing Prices," Development Research Unit Working Paper Series, Monash University, Department of Economics 12-14, Monash University, Department of Economics.

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