Pollution-Reducing Innovations under Taxes or Permits
AbstractThis paper compares the effects of effluent taxes and pollution permits when a pollution-reducing innovation is in prospect. If the government can adjust the level of taxes and permits after the innovation has occurred, taxes and permits are fully equivalent. The equivalence breaks down, however, when the government can precommit. In this case, taxes give a higher incentive to invest in R&D than permits when the postinnovation output level is sufficiently high. The welfare ranking of taxes and permits is then analyzed. Loosely speaking, taxes are superior when the social damage associated with pollution is not too high. Copyright 1999 by Royal Economic Society.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Oxford University Press in its journal Oxford Economic Papers.
Volume (Year): 51 (1999)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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Other versions of this item:
- V. Denicolo, 1997. "Pollution-Reducing Innovations Under Taxes or Permits," Working Papers, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna 281, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
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