Environmental Externalities and the Optimal Level of Market Power
AbstractThis article derives the condition under which agricultural chemical producers' desire to under-produce, associated with market power, exactly offsets the tendency to overproduce, due to their failure to consider externality costs of agricultural chemicals. This condition is satisfied when the price markup in the chemical industries equals the marginal environmental damages caused by chemicals. Our estimates of price markup for nitrogen, phosphate, and pesticides industries indicate that the welfare loss caused by market power is exactly offset by environmental benefits if the marginal pollution costs are, respectively, eight, nine, and twenty-two cents for each dollar's worth of these chemicals. Copyright 1999, Oxford University Press.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Agricultural and Applied Economics Association in its journal American Journal of Agricultural Economics.
Volume (Year): 81 (1999)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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- Kim, C.S. & Hallahan, Charles B. & Taylor, Harold & Schluter, Gerald E., 2002. "Market Power And Cost-Efficiency Effects Of The Market Concentration In The U.S. Nitrogen Fertilizer Industry," 2002 Annual meeting, July 28-31, Long Beach, CA 19674, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
- Chang, Hung-Hao & Boisvert, Richard N. & Blandford, David, 2005. "Achieving Environmental Objectives Under Reduced Domestic Agricultural Support and Trade Liberalization: An Empirical Application to Taiwan," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 34(1), April.
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