Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

What Is the Effective Social Security Tax on Additional Years of Work?

Contents:

Author Info

  • Sabelhaus, John
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    The U.S. Social Security retired worker benefit calculation is based on the average of the highest 35 years of each individual's earnings; thus, payroll taxes for people with flat or declining earnings can effectively become a pure tax near the end of their working careers. Individuals who still have zero or low–earning years being factored into their high–35 calculation face much lower (even negative) effective tax rates if they work additional years. In this paper, administrative earnings data are used to measure the distribution of effective payroll tax rates across and within age, sex, and lifetime earnings groups. The estimates are somewhat sensitive to assumptions about discounting, controlling for differential mortality, and whether to focus on all earners or just earners at the end of their primary careers. A budget–neutral change in tax and benefit formulas is shown to significantly flatten the pattern of effective tax rates.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://www.ntanet.org/NTJ/60/3/ntj-v60n03p491-506-what-effective-social-security.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: http://www.ntanet.org/NTJ/60/3/ntj-v60n03p491-506-what-effective-social-security.html
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by National Tax Association in its journal National Tax Journal.

    Volume (Year): 60 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 3 (September)
    Pages: 491-506

    as in new window
    Handle: RePEc:ntj:journl:v:60:y:2007:i:3:p:491-506

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: 725 15th St. NW #600. Washington, D.C. 20005-2109
    Phone: (202)737-3325
    Fax: (202) 737-7308
    Email:
    Web page: http://www.ntanet.org/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords:

    References

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as in new window

    Cited by:
    1. Liebman, Jeffrey & Luttmer, Erzo E. P. & Seif, David G., 2009. "Labor Supply Responses to Marginal Social Security Benefits: Evidence from Discontinuities," Working Paper Series, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government rwp09-003, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ntj:journl:v:60:y:2007:i:3:p:491-506. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Charmaine Wright).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.